It is generally advised that all goats be vaccinated against overeating disease (enteroxemia) and tetanus. Both of these diseases are caused by clostridial bacteria present in animals and the environment. Goats kept on marginal pastures and/or not fed grain may be at much lower risk for overeating disease, but they are susceptible to tetanus. Vaccines used for these diseases usually provide protection for both diseases. These combination vaccines simplify herd preventive health programs and decrease costs. The goal of vaccination is to stimulate an immune response that provides some level of protection from disease. Unfortunately, most vaccines do not achieve complete protection from infection and subsequent disease. Vaccines are expected to reduce the severity of disease in infected animals or limit the frequency of disease in the herd.
Many factors, including nutrition, stresses, and the general health of animals, can influence the effectiveness of vaccination. Vaccines should be administered according to label directions and only to systemically healthy animals. Consult your veterinarian for guidance when designing and implementing a herd vaccination program. Vaccines should not be expected to eliminate all disease problems and should be considered only as a tool to be used with other management strategies to mitigate the occurrence and impacts of infectious diseases.
Tetanus is a neurological disease caused by a toxin which is produced by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. This organism is very common in soil and in the manure of animals. Bacterial spores enter the body through wounds following castration, ear tagging, disbudding, kidding, etc., resulting in signs of the disease 4 to 21 days later. The toxin affects the central nervous system.
Signs include stiff muscles, spasms, flared nostrils, erect/stiff ears and elevated tail. In addition, the affected animals have a difficult time opening their mouths, so the term “lockjaw” has been given to the disease. Animals can be hyper-responsive to stimuli. Eventually, the affected animals can go down and die.
Directions For Use
Do not vaccinate within 21 days before slaughter. Safety in pregnant animals is unknown. Store at 2° to 8° C. Do not freeze. Do not mix with other products. Shake well before use. Use entire contents when first opened.
A transitory local reaction may occur at injection site. Anaphylactoid reaction may occur following administration of products of this nature. If noted, administer adrenalin or equivalent. In case of human exposure, consult a physician.
Dosage and Administration
For primary immunization, two doses should be administered subcutaneously or intramuscularly approximately 30 days apart. Use intramuscularly for horses as local reactions are more likely to occur if injected subcutaneously.
Horses, Cattle: 1 ml dose
Sheep, Goats, Swine: 0.5 ml dose
Disease Protected Against
When to Give
Enterotoxemia and Tetanus
Does: Fourth month of pregnancy Kids: 1 month old and one month later All: Booster annually
Pasteurella multocida or Mannheimia Haemolytica pneumonia
Two doses 2–4 weeks apart
Kids: 6 months old, 3 weeks later and annual booster