Natural Foods And Mode Of Feeding Snails For Fast Growth Rate

snail feeding

Snail feeding is very important and a major factor potential snail farmer should consider greatly. Feeding takes the largest percentage of the total cost of livestock production. This is one of the distinct features of Agriculture.

It is imperative a farmer understands snail feeding habit and the type of food snails eat. Snails are wonderful animals, the effect of the food they eat is more pronounced in snails than other livestock animals.

When you feed your snail with rich feed, you will get laudable yield. You may wonder why feeding is very important in snail farming; the size of your snail greatly depends on the quality and quantity of the food served.

Even in the wild, snails scavenge for nutritious food. In this article, you will know the kind of food snails eat; various mode of feeding in snail farming and other crucial guides on achieving a great result through feeding. Read up!

What do snails eat?

People often feel snail can eat anything or anything green. Yes! This is true to some extent but the question is; does everything human eats nourishes the body? Obviously No!

This is because our body needs different types of feed at different times and developmental stage. Same applies to the feeding of snails. Snails are herbivores; they feed on greens.

However, to enhance palatability and supplement nutrient, you can as well feed concentrate feed. Concentrate feeds are made from snail feed formula, which contains all the necessary nutrients and minerals required for snail growth and development.

Snails eat leaves, fruits, flowers, tubers, etc. But not all these food items are palatable. Snails strongly detest hairy leaves or plants that produce toxic materials such as Physic nuts. You need to be wary of the nature of the food you are serving your snails. Examples of snail food are:

  • Leaves: Cocoyam, kola, pawpaw, cassava, eggplant, cabbage, lettuce, fluted pumpkin leaves (Ugu), water leaves (Talinum triangulare),
  • Fruits: Snails eat varieties of fruits. They feed on: pawpaw, mango, banana, eggplant, pear, oil palm, fig, tomato and cucumber, tomatoes.


Snails need carbohydrate for the supply of energy and protein for physiological growth and development. Vitamins and minerals are also very important, though needed in small quantity, they aid metabolism and also enhance growth.

Also, snails require calcium for shell development. You can supplement calcium by sprinkling powered oyster shell or egg shell, ground limestone is also a rich source of calcium for snails.

These are the natural foods snails eat. Amongst all the feeds, pawpaw leaves and fruit have been very outstanding. Several types of research have proven that pawpaw is an excellent snail food. Pawpaw leaves are rich in protein; it contains about 60% crude proteins, this will greatly help snail growth and development.

Some farmers also give snail household waste. Well, this is dicey and I will not recommend such. This is because common salt is highly poisonous to snails and virtually all household waste contains salt. So avoid serving snail household wastes.

Tubers are also good for snails as it is a major source of carbohydrate which supplies energy. I did not add cassava tuber even though snail does eat it; but only cassava tuber with low cyanide content.

It is best you opt for other sources of energy instead of cassava. These tubers and other feedstuff like; rice, beans etc. can be cooked but do not add salt. Leaves and fruits are good sources of vitamins and minerals, however, fruits are low in protein. This is why you must serve varieties of food to achieve a balanced diet. Young snails thrive best on leafy vegetables, especially the young succulent part. It eases palatability


How do snails eat their feed?

This is another aspect of snail farming that makes snail farmers curious. Most farmers serve their snails and expect the snails to eat them up immediately as other farm animals do.

As a snail farmer, you must understand your snail feeding habit; snails are nocturnal animals, that is, they are very active during the night, early morning or rainy day.

Snails eat at night and they can be very voracious if the food is appetizing and stimulating, thus, the appearance of the food has to be stimulating. Pawpaw is a good example of snail food that stimulates snails and makes them eat more.

Your snail feeding method is also important; you feed snails by placing a flat tray in your snail pen and put the food; do not put the food on the soil, it can attract insects.

At night, the snails will crawl to the tray and eat from it. You can go to the pen with a touch at night if you are interested in seeing how snail eats. Remove the tray and clean it daily to enhance the cleanliness in the pen.

In addition, snails need water. Water is very important for all animals; serve your snail clean water daily in a shallow dish. For hatchlings and juveniles, serve water with water-soaked cotton wool because small snails may drown.

When feeding your snails, you really need to be conscious of the quality of the food. Do not serve spoilt food as it may attract insects, the greatest enemy of snails.

Clean the snail pen daily, evacuate the leftover feeds and serve fresh ones with a clean tray. The best time to feed snails is in the evening, it enhances the freshness of the food till night falls when the snails are active or

when the temperature is low or humid periods. Serve just once in a day as snails eat once in a day, at night or during rainy days.

I recommend you download snail farming pdf for better understanding on snail keeping and management.

Kindly share this article as widely as possible; if you’ve found it helpful, for others to benefit.

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  1. Olufemi Adewale Odukoya - October 28, 2017 Reply

    Very illuminating information… Many thanks

  2. Calvert - April 14, 2018 Reply

    So despite the fact that it might appear like a logical inconsistency to state that eating all the more frequently is the answer for weight loss…………that's precisely what our New Dieting System is about. bakehouse kingston pa

  3. Kwaku Appiakorang - May 15, 2018 Reply

    Great insights into snail feeding habits. Many thanks for this.
    I just started snail farming and realise that my snails are normally very active in the first week, and then are generally slow and inactive for the rest of the time. They are not dead, but have burrowed and are in the soil all the time. Some are hatching but most are just slow and lazy. What could be the cause?

    • Faith Ime - September 8, 2020 Reply

      Same here, what should be done to help our snails

  4. anthony akpan - June 28, 2018 Reply

    this was really helpful.God bless you

  5. Unknown - September 1, 2018 Reply

    Good posting and very nice article, and this site give a interesting information. hand blender smoothie recipes

  6. Unknown - October 16, 2018 Reply


  7. Unknown - November 15, 2018 Reply

    Thanks a lot, l found this article very helpfull. Keep up ur good works.

  8. ELIZABETH OLAWUNMI - November 20, 2018 Reply

    Thanks a lot ,my snails prefers watermelon,though still looking out for where to get d POL directly from source

  9. cacheechi - December 22, 2018 Reply

    Please what is the formulation for the feed concentrate?

  10. Agbabiaka AbdulQuadri - January 10, 2019 Reply

    The diet should be formulated around 22 percent crude protein

  11. Gbenga Odunaike - February 11, 2019 Reply

    Detail information on snail feeding.

    • Dike Chinedu - August 11, 2020 Reply

      Thanks a lot for the update. Please, which state are you in? How much do you charge for the breeders. I’m in Port Harcourt.

      • admin - August 11, 2020 Reply

        Breeder is 450 naira per one

  12. […] Snail feeding and management. […]

  13. Zacchaeus - March 18, 2019 Reply

    Thanks for these wealth of knowledge.
    Please how can I get these mineral supplements for my snails?
    Currently, we have over 100 snails but, they are not growing well, in fact, at all as expected. Please help!!!

  14. Abiodun Zacchaeus - March 18, 2019 Reply

    Thanks for these wealth of knowledge.
    Please how can I get these mineral supplements for my snails?
    Currently, we have over 100 snails but, they are not growing well, in fact, at all as expected. Please help!!!

    • admin - March 18, 2019 Reply

      Thanks…. What do you feed them?

      • Ozed - September 20, 2019 Reply

        Where can I source good breeders?

  15. […] Snails are vegetarian, they thrive best on green plants but will accept many types of food. All snails sternly abhor leaves that possess hairy leaves. Young snails prefer succulent leaves and shoots; they consume about twice as much feed as mature snails. Generally, adult snails prefer to feed on detritus, such as fallen leaves, rotten fruit and humus should be introduced gradually. […]

  16. […] the edible vegetable and they are highly nutritious food for humans and animal; they are used in feeding snail and rabbit. People often relate sweet potatoes to yam, probably because of the size. No. the […]

  17. Ozed - September 20, 2019 Reply

    I am starting a snail farm with 100 adult breeding snails and I would like to know where best to source good breeders.

    • Ire - November 9, 2019 Reply

      I can supply you breeders. Call 08025969360

  18. Babalola Olumide - July 24, 2020 Reply

    What of watermelon, is it good for them

    • admin - July 24, 2020 Reply

      Yes. It is

  19. Zeal - August 16, 2020 Reply

    Nice and helpful

  20. Charity bako - September 10, 2021 Reply

    Thanks so much this article is very educating, I am starting my snail farming very soon.

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