Snail Farming: How To Control Pests In A Snail Farm

snail farm

Snail farming is the new money-spinning agribusiness in vogue. It is an interesting revelation knowing that people are now wary of the type of food they eat. Snail meat is a very rich source of protein, especially for pregnant women. The international market for snail meat is unsaturated; there is a huge demand for snail abroad, especially in Europe, owing to the recent discovery of the richness of its meat.

Several factors are responsible for the success of a snail farm. Location of the farm, feeding and preventive management practices like pest control are prominent factors to be considered in snail farming. There are many snail farmers across the globe, especially in Nigeria.

The increasing global population has generated an explicit market for snail meat, thus, making snail farming very lucrative. However, a wide margin still exists between the demand and supply of snail across the globe.


Why is this so?

This is because most snail farmers find it quite difficult to control some external detrimental factors, chiefly pests on their farm. Control of pests in a snail farm is a very tactical practice and must be meticulously done to avoid loss of snail to the unruly attack.

Snail pests are mostly: termites, toads, frogs, poultry birds, lizard, snakes, beetle, and other microparasites. What they do mostly is to prey on the young snails in case of frog and toads, while snakes and other reptiles eat both the eggs and the snail, irrespective of their size. These pests are ubiquitous; they are always around the snail farm, either actively or passively.


How to control these pests in your snail farm

One of the realities you should put at the back of your mind about your snail farm is pest invasion. However, you should not wait until you observe their effects on your snail before you take necessary actions.

Probably, you don’t know: their effect simply means loss of snails on your farm which is quite detrimental to your venture. Prevention, as popularly said, is better than cure. Let’s see how best you can prevent pests from your snail farm.


  • Soil treatment

Irrespective of the type of system you are rearing your snails in, you need soil. Soil is the natural platform snails can thrive best. Amazingly, the soil is also the natural platform where these pests reside; directly or indirectly, you snails are highly vulnerable to pest attack.

Knowing the conditions and risks surrounding the soil, you really need to treat your soil against all these potential pests.  Soil solarization is the best way to treat your soil; it is a non-chemical method of treating the soil. It involves the use of solar radiation with the aid of plain polyethylene sheet to eliminate pests or pest eggs residing within the soil.

Ensure you have solarized soil in your snail farm always, especially if you are adopting an intensive system of rearing snails.


  • Pest repellant plants

Pest repellant plants are crops that naturally make an environment unfavorable for pest survival. They are very effective in controlling reptiles like snakes. Some are as well good for insect pests, like neem leaves and garlic. Garlic and ginger can be dried and sprayed in strategic positions, probably around corners or entrance of the farm on a regular basis.


  • Removal of leftover feeds

Most snail farmers are fond of the habit of leaving snail food, especially perishable ones like fruits, for a long time till the snails forcefully eat them up with the view of avoiding wastage of food. This is indeed a deleterious habit.

Snail food, especially perishable ones, should be served within 24 hours; any leftover should be removed and disposed after 24 hours. Stale food attracts pests to the snail pen and this is not too good for the health of the snails.


  • Regular sanitation of the snail farm

If you want your snails to be healthy and free from pests, then, you must inculcate stringent sanitation practices in your farm. Avoid messy environment. Your snails are living things; clean their pen on a regular basis. They defecate; ensure you remove all wastes every morning before serving new food.

Your serving plates must be as clean as possible, especially the drinking plate. Rinse thoroughly, such that, if someone serves you water with such plate, you will gleefully embrace the water. Snails need optimum care to be productive.


  • Use of organic pesticide

Yes, I mean organic. Once in a while, mostly after harvesting or before stocking, spray organic pesticides, like neem oil and black soap. You can as well include it in your routine practices; they help keep your farm sanitized and eliminate stubborn pests from your farm, thus, keeping your snails healthy always.


Important precautions in controlling pests in snail farm

It is very imperative I mention these few precautions before you commence the aforementioned ways of controlling pests in snail farm. These precautions will ensure the safety of your snails and as well as enhance the effectiveness of your control measures.

  • Do not use chemicals to control pests, they are poisonous to snails.
  • Spray your entire pen at the same time: do not spray your snail farm in batches. If you spray a particular portion, the pest in that pen will evacuate to other pens and cause more havoc there. Irrespective of the size of your farm, spray organic pesticides just ones. Try to employ more hands to assist in the process; it makes the operation more effective.
  • Serve all forms of snail food in a flat container: To facilitate easy cleaning and an insect-free snail farm, serve all forms of snail food in a flat container. It prevents decay on the soil and keeps the farm neat always.


You can as well download Snail Farming pdf for your personal use.

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  1. Farotimi olaoluwa - February 3, 2018 Reply

    Nice piece bro..
    The use of wood ash and gutter around the pens filled with condemn oil and water, helps to prevent soldier ant infestation.

  2. herry - September 17, 2018 Reply

    They defecate; ensure your remove all wastes every morning before serving new food. Your serving plates must be as clean as possible, especially the drinking plate. Rinse thoroughly, such that, if someone serves you water with such plate, you will gleefully embrace the water. Snails need optimum care to be productive. Insect Pest Control in Edgware Road

  3. Emily - November 25, 2018 Reply

    We help eradicating pests in Cape Town and its suburban areas, and we take pleasure in meeting our clients in the North who feel satisfied with the quality of services offered by us. Try us now!

  4. Taylor Harry,Jane - February 6, 2019 Reply a beginner and needs more light on snail farming most especially on pest control. Thank you.

  5. Samuel Dagadu - March 22, 2019 Reply

    I want more information on the control of Pest in Snail Farm

  6. Haleema - September 30, 2019 Reply

    Good day sir,
    How do one retreat the soil in which the snails are already inside

    • Agbabiaka Abdulquadri - October 2, 2019 Reply

      Hello, it is simple. All you need to do is to remove all the snails and use the same treatment methods. You return your snails after 3 hours

  7. JOHN PROMISE - October 25, 2019 Reply

    Please my question is throw more light on soil solarization using polythene bag.also does ginger and garlic that is sprayed,does it affect the snail?Lastly incase one is praticing extensive,should we weed the farm continueously..or leave the weeds to grow?

    • Agbabiaka Abdulquadri - October 27, 2019 Reply

      Soil solarization is just a way of treating the soil using solar energy. You just do as indicated in the article, alternative, you can bake or fry your soil. It is just the application of heat.

      The ginger and garlic do not have negative effects on the snail, just ensure you evacuate the snails before application.

      Lastly, in an extensive system, it is best you determine the crops you grow in the range. Snails can select the type of weed they eat but you can improve by planting some crops there yourself.

      I hope have done justice to your questions.

      • Agbabiaka Abdulquadri - October 27, 2019 Reply

        Sure sir, 08082681730 WhatsApp preferably.

  8. Uzoma - December 21, 2019 Reply

    Having snail mortality

  9. Seun - April 16, 2020 Reply

    can we use hot water to sterilize the soil

    • Agbabiaka Abdulquadri - April 16, 2020 Reply

      instead, just heat the soil. It is better that way

  10. Eunice Nwodili - July 21, 2020 Reply

    Pls throw more light on using solar energy and polythene to treat the soil. How to do it.

  11. Kolawole Kemisola - July 26, 2020 Reply

    Am just a beginner in snail rearing, i hope to learn more in this platform.

    • admin - July 27, 2020 Reply

      You are welcome

  12. Paul okuazu N - August 27, 2020 Reply

    I am about to start snail farming please I on more guild

  13. Charity Wanjiru Mathenge - April 27, 2021 Reply

    Can overcrowding the snails cause mortality?… already have started seeing invasion of termites,are they dangerous? ..

    • The Admin - April 27, 2021 Reply

      yes they can. Spray neem oil to control them

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