This member of the Spitz family takes its name from the Samoyed people, a nomadic tribe whose survival in the harsh Siberian tundra depended on their hardy white dogs. Samoyed dogs were used to hunt, herd reindeer, and haul sledges. Living in close proximity to their owners, the Samoyed dogs were noted for their gentle good nature. Polar explorers discovered this versatile breed and began importing them to England just prior to and during World War I. English aristocracy adopted the friendly white Samoyed with enthusiasm and, in turn, introduced the breed to the United States. It was recognized by the AKC in 1906.
The Samoyed combines strength, agility, dignity and grace in a general spitz outline. Slightly longer than it is tall, it is nonetheless compact. It has a strong, muscular body that is able to combine power, speed, agility and endurance. It has a quick, agile stride with good reach and drive. Its double coat is heavy and weather resistant. The undercoat is soft and thick, whereas the outer coat is straight and harsh, standing straight out from the body, and glistening with a silver sheen. Its expression is animated, with the characteristic “Samoyed smile” created by the upturned corners of its mouth.
Gentle and playful, the Samoyed makes a good companion for a child or person of any age. It is a closely bonded family dog. It is amiable with strangers, other pets and usually, other dogs. It is calm indoors, but this clever, sometimes mischievous breed needs daily physical and mental exercise. If allowed to become bored, it will dig and bark. It is independent and often stubborn, but it is willing to please and is responsive to its owner’s wishes. It may tend to herd children.
Features of Samoyed Puppy
The Samoyed’s white, fluffy coat is beautiful, but to keep it in good condition requires rigorous grooming.
Shedding could be the Samoyed’s middle name he does so profusely once or twice a year. Expect to brush the dog and vacuum your home daily during shedding season.
The Samoyed doesn’t like to sit around he likes to be busy. Keep him active with walks, games, hikes, and canine sports.
The Samoyed’s characteristic smile reveals his friendly, good-natured disposition. He is especially fond of children.
To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they’re free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.
Specification of Samoyed Puppy
By the time your Samoyed reaches puppyhood their personality will be well developed and you will have a playful but gentle friend who is eager to please you and be involved in family life. Be consistent with your puppy, socialise them early and provide them with adequate exercise to mould them into a well-rounded adult.
Your Samoyed puppies diet should be based around a high quality, nutritionally complete puppy food. You may also wish to introduce them to fresh, lean raw meat — however, don’t feed your puppy any meat you would not feed to a fellow human being. Keep in mind that your puppy’s Siberian ancestors lived on a diet rich in meat, so talk to your diet about introducing more meat proteins into their diet.
Samoyed puppies should be frequently groomed to accustom them to the experience of being brushed. During the warmer months they will shed their heavy winter coat, but daily brushing will stop you from being overwhelmed by masses of white fluff. Samoyed claws grow quite quickly and will need frequent trimming every 3-4 weeks.
Your Samoyed will be patient and gentle with both children and other animals, but you will need to teach them as a puppy that children are above them in pack order so that they do not dominating. Samoyeds are highly social and can grow dependant on the attention of their owners if they do not have dog friends to entertain them. An inadequately entertained Samoyed puppy will soon grow destructive and most likely suffer from separation anxiety — this can be especially dangerous if they find a way to escape your backyard and run far away.