This member of the Spitz family takes its name from the Samoyed people, a nomadic tribe whose survival in the harsh Siberian tundra depended on their hardy white dogs. Samoyed dogs were used to hunt, herd reindeer, and haul sledges. Living in close proximity to their owners, the Samoyed dogs were noted for their gentle good nature. Polar explorers discovered this versatile breed and began importing them to England just prior to and during World War I. English aristocracy adopted the friendly white Samoyed with enthusiasm and, in turn, introduced the breed to the United States. It was recognized by the AKC in 1906.
The Samoyed combines strength, agility, dignity and grace in a general spitz outline. Slightly longer than it is tall, it is nonetheless compact. It has a strong, muscular body that is able to combine power, speed, agility and endurance. It has a quick, agile stride with good reach and drive. Its double coat is heavy and weather resistant. The undercoat is soft and thick, whereas the outer coat is straight and harsh, standing straight out from the body, and glistening with a silver sheen. Its expression is animated, with the characteristic “Samoyed smile” created by the upturned corners of its mouth.
Gentle and playful, the Samoyed makes a good companion for a child or person of any age. It is a closely bonded family dog. It is amiable with strangers, other pets and usually, other dogs. It is calm indoors, but this clever, sometimes mischievous breed needs daily physical and mental exercise. If allowed to become bored, it will dig and bark. It is independent and often stubborn, but it is willing to please and is responsive to its owner’s wishes. It may tend to herd children.
Features of Samoyed Dog
The Samoyed’s white, fluffy coat is beautiful, but to keep it in good condition requires rigorous grooming.
Shedding could be the Samoyed’s middle name he does so profusely once or twice a year. Expect to brush the dog and vacuum your home daily during shedding season.
The Samoyed doesn’t like to sit around he likes to be busy. Keep him active with walks, games, hikes, and canine sports.
The Samoyed’s characteristic smile reveals his friendly, good-natured disposition. He is especially fond of children.
To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they’re free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.
Specification of Samoyed Dog
large (61-100 lbs.)
children dogs cats families
gentle friendly willful outgoing playful
easy to trainrequires lots of groominghighly territorialhigh prey drivehigh potential for weight gainapartment-friendlycold weather tolerantstrong loyalty tendenciesgood hiking companion