Pulpy kidney (enterotoxaemia) is a disease of sheep, goats and cattle. It occurs in sheep when a bacterium that normally inhabits the animal’s intestines without causing problems begins to multiply and produce a toxin that poisons the animal. Pulpy kidney most commonly occurs in rapidly growing unweaned or weaned lambs, on lush pasture or grain.
Pulpy kidney can be prevented by maintaining a sheep vaccination program.Always ask your veterinarian to investigate whenever sudden death and high death rates or unusual behaviour occur in livestock. In the acute form, pulpy kidney has similar signs to anthrax, which is a reportable disease with human health risks and potential to impact some export markets if not contained rapidl
Pulpy kidney (enterotoxaemia) is a disease of sheep, goats and cattle. It occurs in sheep when a bacterium that normally inhabits the animal’s intestines without causing problems begins to multiply and produce a toxin that poisons the animal. The bacterium, Clostridium perfringens type D, can build up when there is a sudden change to a low-fibre, high-carbohydrate diet. This can occur when sheep are moved onto lush, rapidly growing pasture or cereal crops, or when sheep are fed grain.
Causes of Pulpy Kidney in Goats
- Changes in diet,
- Stasis of the intestinal tract (insufficient roughage)
- Grazing on fodder crops,
- High protein and energy diets
- Coccidiosis, roundworms.
- Sudden changes in the weather
- Wilting of pasture.
Sheep and goats of all ages – 1 mℓ subcutaneously.
- Withdrawal period: DO NOT SLAUGHTER ANIMALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION WITHIN 7 DAYS OF VACCINATION.
- Usually no marked reaction follows vaccination although a transient swelling may appear at the site of inoculation, and some animals may show a moderate rise in temperature for one or two days.
- KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN, UNINFORMED PERSONS AND ANIMALS.
- Although this vaccine has been extensively tested under a large variety of conditions, failure thereof may ensue as a result of a wide range of reasons. If this is suspected, seek veterinary advice and notify the registration holder.
Direction for use
- Shake bottle well before use and repeat from time to time during the vaccination process.
- Partially used containers should be disposed of at the end of each day’s operation, according to waste disposal regulations, since under field conditions it may be difficult to avoid accidental contamination of the vaccine.
- If possible use a separate, sharp, sterile needle for each animal.
- Administer the vaccine subcutaneously on the side of the neck midway between the shoulder and the head.
- Goats should be vaccinated under the loose skin underneath the tail. Do not vaccinate goats in the neck.
- Sheep and goats not previously vaccinated should be given 2 injections of vaccine, with an interval of 4-6 weeks.
- Lambs and kids can be immunised from 3 months of age. Administer a second dose 4-6 weeks later.
- An annual booster injection should be given to the whole flock 2-6 weeks before the ewes are due to lamb.
- Lambs born from ewes vaccinated before lambing are protected for 12-16 weeks by the antibodies passed in the colostrum.
- It is sound practice to re-inoculate vaccinated sheep shortly before the period of greatest risk.
Prices of Pulpy Kidney Vaccine For Goats