Tetanus is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani which produces toxins that affect the central nervous system. The organism, which can form spores, lives in the large intestines and faeces of many mammals, including pigs and in certain soils. It must enter through a dirty abrasion or a cut. In the sucking pig the most common source is castration. Tetanus spores are found in the soil and this disease can be a problem in outdoor pigs.
The incubation period is from 1 to 10 weeks. It would be uncommon to see disease in the sucking piglet under 2 weeks of age. The affected piglet is hypersensitive, shows stiffness of legs and muscles, an erect tail and muscular spasms of the ears and face. A multivalent clostridium vaccine containing tetanus toxoid is highly efficient in preventing disease and could be used in pregnant sows if a herd has a problem. Castration techniques should also be checked because unhygienic methods can lead to infection and tetanus 2-8 weeks later.
Tetanus is a bacteria that lives in soil. It is especially plentiful in areas that have been used for horses. Pigs are quite resistant to tetanus, but if they do get the disease, they do not respond well to treatment, and most die.Pigs can contract tetanus when they get a small wound on their snout or legs while rooting or rolling in the dirt. The dirt, with bacteria, get into the wound and infection can begin.Pigs should be vaccinated for tetanus at 8 weeks, with a booster in 2 weeks. Then every 6 months.
Vaccines contain antigens from viruses, bacteria, bacterial toxins, or parasites. They are given to pigs, usually by injection, to stimulate an immune response which will protect the pigs against later natural infection with the organism from which the vaccine was derived. Most stimulate both a humoral response and a cell-mediated response. Vaccines can be live, containing living organisms which will multiply in the pig, or inactivated, containing only killed organisms which will not multiply in the pig.
Features of Pig Tetanus Vaccine
It is caused by a bacterium called Clostridium tetani, which produces toxins that affect the central nervous system. The organism, capable of forming spores lives in the large intestine. It is present in feces of many mammals and in some soils. This disease can be a problem for pigs living outdoors. The incubation period is 1 to 10 weeks with shorter incubation periods resulting in more severe disease. In nursing piglets of less than 2 weeks old the disease is uncommon.
- Stiffness of legs and muscles.
- Stiff tail.
- Muscle spasms in ears and face.
- High mortality.
- Spores are found in soil.
- The bacteria must enter through a dirty wound or cut.
- In lactating piglets the most common source is castration – not hygienic methods.
Prices of Pig Tetanus Vaccine
$ 20.28 – $ 45.28