Pain has been defined as an unpleasant, sensory experience representing awareness by the animal of damage or threat to its tissues (although there might not be any damage) that elicits protective actions, and results in learned avoidance. Pain is a complex experience, dependent not only on the severity of the stimulus and the degree of tissue or nerve damage, but also on previous pain experiences.
Pain may be acute, chronic, localised, generalised, physical, emotional, adaptive and maladaptive. An individual may experience several types of pain at the same time. The presence of pain can generally be more reliably identified than the intensity of pain. Pain may also involve fear and lead to the anticipation of more pain causing anxiety – use of electric goads during handling/loading animals would be a good example.
Anecdotal evidence indicates an increased use of pain relief medication for cattle during routine husbandry procedures. The benefits of pain relief for painful procedures such as castration, dehorning and disbudding are widely acknowledged and supported by field trials. Aside from the obvious welfare benefits, production is enhanced as animals suffer less pain, and as a result return to normal feeding and other activities in a much faster time than without any pain relief. It is also important to uphold the endorsed Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines for Cattle (Cattle Standards). The Cattle Standards provide for the administration of pain relief for certain painful procedures including castration and dehorning (unless the animals are less than six months old or less than 12 months if at their first yarding and where the later age is approved in the jurisdiction please check your relevant state legislation). Once the standards are implemented as Regulations under the Animal Welfare Act 2002, it will become an offence not to provide pain relief where mandated.
Santa Cruz Animal Health offers a premium line of prescription veterinary pain relief and anti-inflammatory products for use in cattle. Products from trusted brands such as Flunixamine, Veta-Meg, Banamine and Salix provide temporary relief from pain associated with a variety of disorders affecting cattle including bulls, heifers, steers and cows. Choose Santa Cruz Animal Health for all of your bovine pain relief and anti-inflammatory needs.
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The US Food and Drug Administration this week announced approval of Banamine Transdermal (flunixin transdermal solution), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the control of pain associated with foot rot and the control of pyrexia (fever) associated with bovine respiratory disease in cattle.
Banamine Transdermal is the first new animal drug approved in the US for controlling pain in a food-producing animal. There was no approved drug to control the pain associated with foot rot until now. Banamine Transdermal is also approved for the control of pyrexia (fever) associated with bovine respiratory disease in cattle.
The topical formulation of Banamine Transdermal provides a new way to administer flunixin to cattle. Banamine Transdermal is approved for a single application of a dose of 3.3 mg flunixin per kilogram body weight topically in a narrow strip along the back. This non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication is approved for use in steers, beef heifers, beef cows, beef bulls intended for slaughter and replacement dairy heifers under 20 months of age. It is not for use in beef bulls intended for breeding; dairy bulls; female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older (including dry dairy cows); and suckling beef calves, dairy calves, and veal calves.
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