Overeating Vaccine For Sheep

Enterotoxemia, or overeating disease, is a major cause of death of kids and lambs from shortly after birth through the entire feeding period. It is caused by a bacterium called Clostridium perfringens. It is characterized by acute indigestion, convulsions and other nervous system signs such as colic and sudden death. It commonly affects single kids and lambs, nursing dams that are heavy milkers, and feeder animals that are on high energy diets. With proper feeding, management, and immunization, the disease can be controlled. Tetanus is a common, fatal disease in sheep and goats caused by a bacterium known as Clostridium tetani. Common symptoms are muscle stiffness and spasms, bloat, panic, uncoordinated walking, and/or the inability to eat and drink. It is sometimes referred to as lockjaw. Death is inevitable, usually about three or four days after symptoms appear.

Clostridial diseases are often fatal and strike ruminant livestock suddenly, often causing a mysterious death without any clinical signs. The clostridia bacteria are widespread in the environment. They are normally found in the soil and manure. They are also present in the digestive tract and tissues of healthy animals. For these reasons, vaccination is the best way to prevent disease outbreaks. CDT vaccination helps to protect healthy sheep and goats against Clostridium perfringens type C and D (overeating disease) and Clostridium tetani (tetanus).

Description

Enterotoxemia is a frequently severe disease of sheep and goats of all ages. It is caused by two strains of bacteria called Clostridium perfringens – the strains are termed types C and D. These bacteria are normally found in low numbers in the gastrointestinal tract of all sheep and goats. If that is so, when and why do they cause disease?

These organisms are normally “laying low” in the small and large intestine – that is, they are present in relatively low numbers and appear to be in a relatively quiescent state in the normal, healthy animal. What appears to trigger them to cause disease is a change in the diet of the animal. Most commonly, the change that triggers disease is an increase in the amount of grain, protein supplement, milk or milk replacer (for lambs and kids), and/or grass that the sheep or goat is ingesting. Collectively, these feeds are rich in starch, sugar, and/or protein. When unusually high levels of these nutrients reach the intestine, Clostridium perfringens undergoes explosive growth, increasing its numbers rapidly within the intestine.

Features of Overeating Vaccine For Sheep

  • Entertoxemia is a frequently severe disease of sheep and goats of all ages.
  • Causative bacteria are present in relatively low numbers and appear to be in a relatively quiescent state in the normal, healthy animal.
  • Treatment may not be successful in severe cases.
  • Prevention of enterotoxemia is far more likely to be successful than trying to treat the disease.

Treatment

Recommended treatments can include the following:

  • Clostridium perfringens C & D antitoxin according to the manufacturer’s recommendations (5 mL of C & D antitoxin subcutaneously)
  • Antibiotics, especially penicillin
  • Orally administered antacids
  • Anti-bloating medication
  • Pain reduction
  • Intramuscular thiamine (vitamin B1) to prevent or treat the encephalomalacia
  • Supportive therapy such as intravenous or subcutaneous fluids and corticosteroids
  • Probiotics after antibiotic therapy to encourage repopulation of the microflora in the GI tract

Prevention

Effective vaccines are commercially available to prevent enterotoxemia in sheep and goats. All animals (especially young animals) within the herd should be vaccinated as it will reduce the chances that the animals will develop the disease. Use vaccines that are labeled for use in sheep and goats and follow the manufacturer’s recommendations. Some of the commercially available vaccines against enterotoxemia are also combined with tetanus toxoid. Make sure the vaccine has been refrigerated, stored properly, and is not expired. Young animals should be vaccinated at 4 weeks of age and again one month later. All adults including bucks should be vaccinated at least once per year. Do not vaccinate animals that appear ill and keep good vaccination records for future reference.

Prices of Overeating Vaccine For Sheep

$56.00 – $220.00

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