Mini refers to the mature height of the animal. Purebred Miniature Jerseys are bred to be proportionally smaller than full-size Jerseys but pass the same DNA Breed Based Representation (BBR) purity test. They should not appear to have tiny legs or a large head on a normal sized torso. Often, these disproportionate animals are Dwarves, carriers of a “Condro” gene that is a genetic defect. This came from breeders out-crossing their purebred Jerseys with Dexter cattle to reduce the height of the offspring. Breeding two carriers of this mutation creates a “Bulldog” calf that is terminal. Our herd have been tested and proven not to be carriers of the Dwarfism gene. Every bull that we use for breeding is tested to ensure we’re breeding true Purebred Miniature Jerseys.
There are plenty of potential benefits to keeping a small-breed cow on a homestead. For one thing, they are typically easy to handle, and can be less intimidating to a first-time handler. They don’t require as much space in the barn, and can generally be kept on smaller-acreage properties than might be possible with standard Jersey cows. However, it’s important to keep in mind that Miniature Jerseys are still cattle, first and foremost. “One misconception about Miniature Jerseys is that they are pets,” says Neidhardt. “They can become very pet-like, but they are bovines and even small bovines require management and their owners need to acquire the art of understanding them and how to care for them. Little cows don’t necessarily feel ‘small’ so they have regular cow mannerisms.”
Coloration: Jersey cattle coat color ranges from a light fawn to almost black. Standard Jerseys can come in the very rare brindle pattern that traces back to the 1700s. When brindle coloring is found in Mini Jerseys it usually stems from crossbreeding with Dexter Cattle or Aberdeen to reduce the height from a taller Jersey. Some Jerseys may have white on them, from diamond-shaped patches on their foreheads, to white patches over their torso they will never be all black and white like a Holstein.. Black Jerseys almost always have a tan-colored saddle in the middle of their backs, from the withers to the tail. They should have lighter coloration around their noses and eyes, on the inside of each leg, and often around the top of each hoof. A lot of fawn-colored mature Jerseys have a darker mask from just above their eyebrows to just before their noses. There will be lighter hair coloration around their eyes and noses. Bulls have darker coloration over their necks to their shoulders, deepening with age. All Jerseys have dark brown-black eyes surrounded by dark pigmented skin, usually black tongues, and black noses. They typically have black hooves and a dark tail-switch. A Jersey with a pink nose or eye rims is not pure blooded, as this is not a Jersey trait.
Body type and characteristics: Cows show very marked refinement about their heads and shoulders, carry long, straight top lines, and usually carry out long and level at the rump. For their size, they are usually deep in the body and full and deep in the barrel. There is no more appealing dairy animal than the well-balanced Jersey cow. Jersey cows have a large udder to accommodate the demand for producing more milk than their calf can consume. Jersey bulls, while small as compared to the other dairy breeds, are extremely masculine. They are quite muscular about their chest and shoulders and are considerably less refined throughout than are the females. The same general qualities of straight lines and dairy conformation as are found in the cows are desired in bulls. Standard size Jerseys tend to be smaller, averaging under 50″, with a mature weight of around 1000 lbs for cows and 1500 lbs for bulls.
Head characteristics: Jersey cows are soft, feminine looking animals, with a similar head-shape to Shorthorn cows. Ears come from high on the sides and the bridge of the nose is preferred to have a dish shape. Jerseys are often horned, though genetics for Polled Jerseys are becoming more common.
Other characteristics: Female Jerseys are docile and affectionate, usually bonding with whoever feeds and milks them. Jersey bulls are infamous for their aggressiveness and unpredictability. It is folly to trust any dairy bull, particularly Jerseys, past a year of age. Never turn your back on a bull of any age. Always have an escape route pre-planned
when entering his field.
Miniature cows are members of the bovine family. All cows are ruminants and have four-chamber stomachs. They are cud-chewing animals. Male cows are called bulls. Altered males are called steers. Females are called cows. It takes a cow nine months to have a baby calf. At birth, a baby Miniature Jersey calf weighs approximately 15 to 25 pounds and is from 14 to 16 inches tall. Miniature cows can live up to 25 years with the possibility of producing 23 calves. Miniature cows are very docile and easy to handle. They can be kept on as little as 1/4 acre of land. They require 1/3 the nutrition of an average full size cow.
Mini Jersey Cow Cost
$1,800 to $3,500