Most of us are aware of what to do when you get a cut or if you faint. But not many know about the first-aid measures to follow if bitten by a dog. There are numerous cases of rabies, a condition caused due to an animal bite (dogs being most common), all around the world. According to a 2018 study published in the journal PLoS One, India contributes to more than 36% of global deaths caused due to rabies every year.
The first and foremost thing to do when attacked by a dog is to protect yourself. You can put your bag, jacket or purse to prevent the dog from biting you. If you are knocked down, then curl into a ball and place your hands on the neck and ears and tuck your head in. Do consult a doctor immediately to know how severe the wounds are and get proper treatment at the earliest. If you have a dog at home, do ensure to get it vaccinated to prevent complications caused due to a dog bite.
Rabies is an acute viral encephalomyelitis which mainly affects carnivores and bats but can affect any mammal. It is invariably fatal once clinical signs appear. Rabies account for the death of about 55,000 people worldwide yearly and it is endemic in Nigeria. Epidemiological data needed for planning control strategies for rabies in Imo State is not available. This study determined the trend of rabies, dog bites and vaccination coverage in dogs in Imo State, Nigeria. Registration and vaccination records of dogs were obtained from the veterinary clinics. Cases of dog bites and clinical cases of rabies in humans were extracted from the hospitals using data extraction forms. Variables extracted included age and sex of victims of dog bites and clinical rabies as well as age and sex of vaccinated dogs. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The relationships between dog bites/rabies cases and rainy and dry seasons were determined using correlation coefficient.
Features of Injection For Dog Bite
Rabies vaccine is an active immunizing agent used to prevent infection caused by the rabies virus. The vaccine works by causing your body to produce its own protection (antibodies) against the rabies virus.
Rabies vaccine is used in two ways. Rabies vaccine is given to persons who have been exposed (eg, by a bite, scratch, or lick) to an animal that is known, or thought, to have rabies. This is called post-exposure prophylaxis. Rabies vaccine may also be given ahead of time to persons who have a high risk of getting infected with rabies virus. These persons include veterinarians, animal handlers, or travelers who will spend more than 1 month in countries having a high rate of rabies infection, and persons who live, work, or take vacations in wild areas of the country where they are likely to come into contact with wild animals. This is called pre-exposure prophylaxis.
Reaction to Rabies Treatment
Reactions (side effects) to the rabies treatment are rare. They may include the following:
- slight fever, chills
- pain, redness, swelling or itchiness at injection site
- slight headache or dizziness • weakness or fatigue
- muscle aches
- stomachache, nausea, vomiting
The RIG rabies vaccine uses live virus. It can affect how well other live vaccines work. Tell your child’s health care provider if they get anti-rabies vaccines. Your child may need a booster vaccine for one recently received or have to wait 4 months before getting other vaccines like the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella).
Prices of Injection For Dog Bite
$ 47.00 – 68.99