Chayote is a versatile vegetable that can be grown in most areas of the United States. The plant is easy to grow and produces fruit quickly. Chayote is also known as christophine, chocho, choko, and christophene. This plant is easy to grow from seed and will produce edible fruit in about 3 months.
Chayote is grown as an annual vegetable crop in most areas of the United States because it does not survive cold winters. It grows best in full sun and requires a rich, well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter added. The plants are tolerant of poor drainage, but soil should never be allowed to dry out completely during growing season or else roots may rot. Water regularly during hot weather to keep soil moist but not soggy; water less often during cooler temperatures.
The vines should be planted about 2 feet apart if grown vertically on poles or trellises, or 6 feet apart if allowed to sprawl over ground between rows. It is important not to plant them too close together or they will compete for nutrients and water while competing for sunlight as well when they mature their leaves overlap each other like scales on fish.
Chayote is a vine plant that grows in warm climates. It is also known as chow, christophene, vegetable pear, Chinese pear, and mirliton. Chayote is an edible member of the Cucurbitaceae family of plants. It is grown for its fruit which can be eaten raw or cooked. Chayote grows best in full sun and sandy soil with good drainage. If you have poor drainage, it is best to grow chayote on raised beds or in containers.
The vines are quite vigorous so it’s important to give them plenty of room to grow without crowding other plants. They will need at least 2 feet between each plant and 4 feet between rows of plants. The seeds should be planted about 1 inch deep into the ground and spaced 8 inches apart from each other in rows that are 12 inches apart from each other.
Chayote (Sechium edule) is a member of the Cucurbitaceae or cucumber family. Chayote is a climbing vine plant with edible leaves and fruit that is commonly eaten in Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. This plant is also known as christophene, mirliton, vegetable pear, and choko. It can be grown as an annual in cold climates or as a perennial in warm-weather zones. The following information will teach you how to grow chayote plants.
Wash the chayote seed in warm water, then soak it for 24 hours. The soaking helps soften the seed coat so that you can plant it more easily.
After the seeds have soaked for 24 hours, place them on a paper towel to drain thoroughly before planting. If you’re growing more than one plant at a time, divide your sprouted seeds into multiple pots and label them so that you know which ones are planted where.
Planting your chayote seedling
Place one sprouted seed in each pot at least 4 inches deep with at least 4 inches of soil above it—the depth of your container should be proportional to how big the plant will become when it’s grown up. Make sure there are drain holes in each pot so excess water can escape when watering time comes around.
What is Chayote
Chayote is a vegetable that is part of the gourd family. It is a vine that can grow up to 20 feet in length, but it is often grown on a trellis. Chayote vines are usually harvested when they are young, because once they become too large and woody they will not be as flavorful or tender.
The chayote plant produces small white flowers that develop into green fruit which turn yellow once they’re ripe. They look like little gourds with spines on them – this makes them easy to identify once you know what to look for.
Chayotes have been eaten for many years by people in Central America, South America, and Mexico where they are known as christophine – but the name “chayote” comes from an Indigenous American word meaning “place hidden away” or “secret place” which describes these fruits perfectly as most people don’t know about them unless someone tells them about them first. They’re delicious boiled or baked; try adding salt & pepper to make your own tasty side dish today.
- Prepare the soil. Chayote plants prefer rich, loose, well-drained soils with a pH around 6.0 to 6.8; however, they will grow in slightly acidic or alkaline soils as well. Work compost into the top 12 inches (30 cm) of soil and add a fertilizer based on potassium (N–P–K) such as 10-10-10 at a rate of 1 cup per 25 square feet (2 g/m).
Chayote is a warm-weather crop, so it should be planted in the spring or summer. Chayote is also a vine, so you will need to provide a trellis or other structure for it to climb. You can grow Chayote in your garden or in containers. If you don’t want to source seeds and grow them yourself, you can also buy seedlings from a nursery or grower.
Chayote plants are heavy feeders and need to be fertilized regularly. Fertilize them every 6–8 weeks with a balanced fertilizer, such as 16-16-16 or 10-10-10, mixed at the rate of 1 pound (0.5 kg) per plant. If you want to use slow-release fertilizers, choose a product that contains phosphorus or potassium in high amounts (e.g., 20% or more). You can also supplement with liquid fish emulsion every other week throughout the growing season.
Cover and care
- Cover with a plastic sheet.
- Water regularly to keep soil evenly moist, but do not over-water.
- Remove plastic when plants are about 6 inches tall and continue to water regularly (1–2 inches per week). If you live in a hot climate, remove the plastic sooner; if you live in a cold climate, leave it on longer; if you live in a humid environment, remove it immediately.
Learn how to plant chayote.
- Prepare the seedling.
- Plant it in your garden, using a trowel or shovel to dig a hole that is at least four inches deep and eight inches wide. The chayote will grow best if planted in soil that’s loose, fertile, and well-drained; avoid planting it near any trees or other plants with roots that may compete with it for nutrients, water, and light exposure (such as tomatoes).
- After planting your chayote, cover the root ball with dirt and gently pat down to remove air pockets from around its roots; this will help prevent water logging which can cause rot or stunted growth later on in its life cycle.
You can also plant chayote in a container if you don’t have space outside or don’t want to deal with the hassle of digging up a garden. You will still need to provide enough space for it to grow and make sure that it gets plenty of sunlight throughout the day. In addition, your chayote plant should have good drainage so water doesn’t get trapped in its roots which could cause root rot or other problems over time. If possible, try planting them near each other so they’ll grow together instead of spreading out on their own (which may not work as well).