The Nigerian Dwarf goat is an American breed of goats that originates from the West African Dwarf group of Western African goats. They have been listed on the heritage breeds of Livestock Conservancy. These magnificent goats have the same origin as the American Pygmy. In the 20th century, these dwarf goats visited the US for the first time from West Africa. To be displayed at the zoo, it was imported from Africa to the USA. Several households have a few goats for milk and meat in rural African areas. It is similar in appearance to larger dairy goats, but it’s not higher than 17-19 in and the bucks are only 19-20 in tall. It has a straight nose, upright ears, and a curly, short coat. The color and pattern of the coat can vary significantly. Its average weight is approximately 75 lb. Their milk is high in butterfat and is sweet to taste. These dwarf goats are perfect cattle for little and big farmhouses. In a suburban house, the small size of this breed can be kept as well. They make wonderful pets as they are loveable and quite social in nature. A Nigerian dwarf goat size is quite small and can be in the range of 17-23.5 in (43-60 cm) with a height ranging between 1.6-3.2 ft (0.5-1m). They are almost the same size as Pygmy goat.
The Nigerian dwarf goat is a miniature dairy goat of West African origin. They are similar in appearance to larger dairy goats but ideally, the does stand no taller than 17 to 19 inches and the bucks stand no taller than 19 to 20 inches. The coat can vary considerably by color and pattern. Ideal weight is about 75 pounds. Now a domesticated breed, Nigerian dwarf goats are popular in the United States and many other parts of the world. The breed’s origins trace back to West African Dwarf (WAD) goats, which are prevalent throughout tropical western Africa. Most families in rural African villages keep at least a few goats for milk and meat. Nigerian dwarf goats are raised as companion animals and for their milk, which is high in butterfat and sweet tasting.
While it has its origin in Africa, Nigerian goats were bred to more closely resemble small dairy goats and are now suitable for dairy production on a small scale. In 2005, Nigerian Dwarf goats were officially recognized by the American Dairy Goat Association. Goats, like most farm animals, are measured in size from the ground they are standing on to the top of their back. Their back, or shoulder area, is called their withers. Does can grow to be between 16 and 21 inches tall while bucks can grow to be between 18 and 23 inches tall. For weight, expect your Nigerian Dwarf goat to weigh between 60 and 80 pounds. They are definitely much smaller in size than full-size goats.
How Much Does A Nigerian Dwarf Goat Weigh?
An adult Nigerian dwarf goat weight can be anywhere in the range of 65-85 lb (29‑39 kg), with a slight difference in weight between the billy and the doe. The butcher weight of this species is typically between 25-40 lb.
How Fast Can A Nigerian Dwarf Goat Move?
Their speed is unknown but they are energetic goats that spring rapidly.
What Would You Call A Baby Nigerian Dwarf Goat?
The babies of dwarf goats can be called kids.
Uses Of Goat
The Nigerian Dwarf was originally bred for show and as a companion animal. It was later also bred for dairy use. Average milk yield of dairy stock is 340 kg (750 lb) per year]: 284 a yield of 993 kg (2190 lb) in a lactation of 305 days was recorded in 2018.[ 3 Lactation usually lasts for about ten months. The milk is high in butterfat and protein, averaging 6.5% and 3.9% respectively,284 and is suitable for making cheese and butter
Nigerian Dwarf goats have a relatively long lifespan. They can live to be 12 to 14 years old. Be sure to take proper care of your goats so they will live this long.
Breeding Nigerian Goats
Whether you want to enter the business of selling Nigerian Dwarf goats or just want a few extra in your herd, breeding is relatively easy. You can begin breeding Nigerian Dwarf goats when a doe is full-grown at one year old. While bucks may be ready at three or four months, it’s best to wait until they are eight months of age. Unlike some animals, you can breed Nigerian goats at any time of the year. Once pregnant, the gestation period will last between 145 and 153 days. Does will give birth to a litter of baby goats, called kids. You can expect between three to five kids at a time in a litter.
Feeding Nigerian Goats
Unlike us humans, Nigerian goats have four stomachs to process their food and their diet needs to reflect this complex process. Above all else, free choice is of the essence. This process is where you, the owner, provide the necessary nutrients, but the goats are allowed to eat as they want. In essence, provide the right types of food, usually multiple times a day so your goats can eat at their own pace. The bulk of your goat’s diet should be good quality hay. You might notice that your goat doesn’t really chew the hay and instead swallows it. That’s ok as the hay will break down in time through its four stomachs. In addition to hay, provide your goat with essential minerals. This includes calcium and phosphorous and usually comes in the form of a block.
One really nice reason Nigerian Dwarf goats make such good pets is that they are very healthy. There are no major health issues to be worried about. As always, ensure your animals have regular access to veterinarian services, especially if one of your goats is pregnant. Beyond that, give your goat good food to eat, the opportunity for exercise, and plenty of love, and it should live to its full lifespan.