Mangoes are one of the most popular fruits in the world, and for good reason! They’re delicious and make for a wonderful dessert or snack, especially when served chilled. A ripe mango is a welcome treat on a hot summer day.
Mangoes are native to southern Asia and have been cultivated there for thousands of years. They have become increasingly popular in the United States in recent years, due to their sweet taste and nutritional value. Mangos are not only tasty but also high in vitamins A and C, as well as potassium.
Mangoes grow best when planted outside in warm climates with plenty of sun exposure. In cooler regions, they can be grown inside year-round if given enough light from artificial sources such as fluorescent bulbs or LED lights.
Ways To Protect Mango Trees From Insects
According to Chari et.
Butani (1975) recommended spraying with 0.03% phosphamidon, diazinon or monocrotophos (0.05%) four to six times in mango season keeps the population of the pest under control.
Spraying with malathion (0.05%) with aerial or ground equipment is quite effective.
Pests and Diseases of Mango Tree and How To Care For It
Anthracnose – this fungal disease creates black markings on fruit and leaves, causes flowers to rot and fruit to fall prematurely. It is most common in wet and humid conditions. To reduce problems prune to remove dead wood and thin and reduce the tree canopy to increase airflow. Regularly foliar sprays of eco-aminogro and eco-seaweed will boost the health of the tree to help reduce the incidence of disease. If the problem persists then you’ll need to spray with an organic fungicide.
Powdery mildew – look out for a light grey or white coating spreading over foliage. Spray early with an organic fungicide to minimise damage.
Scale – these sap sucking insects can weaken mango trees with heavy infestations killing leaves and branches. Spray with a horticultural oil to smother them. Monitor trees regularly and repeat applications if the pest persists. Water and fertilise trees to improve general health and boost natural defences.
Fruit fly – fruit is ruined by the female adults laying eggs in the fruit and their maggots then feeding on the flesh. Hang the eco-lure trap at the beginning of spring to monitor male flies. As soon as they appear start applying eco-naturalure as a spot spray to target both male and female fruit fly.
Other pests such as fruit spotting bug, fruit piercing moth, flying foxes and possums may damage fruit. Trees kept small by pruning can be protected from all of these pests with a complete cover of fine weave netting. If you can fit your finger through it then it’s not fine enough to be safe for wildlife.
In conclusion, It depends on when the tree was planted and where it has been grown. Some trees are available from nurseries as young trees, while others must be started from seed, which can take up to six months for germination. A seedling can take up to 3 years to bear fruit.