Mango trees (Mangifera) are tropical trees that grow in several parts of the world. Mangos are the most cultivated fruit in the world, according to Purdue University. These trees can live for hundreds of years, but their life span is directly related to their growing conditions.

Mango trees live for 300 to 400 years in their native Southeast Asia. A tree grown from a seed can take up to five years before it begins flowering and fruiting. Trees planted from grafted seedlings begin bearing fruit when they are two or three years old. Mango flowers are naturally self-pollinating, but cross-pollination produces more fruit.

Mango trees tend to grow quickly during the first five years and then slow down as they mature. The trees reach full size after 15 years and continue producing fruit until they are 60 years old. After that time, mango production decreases.

The tree’s longevity is determined by its growing conditions, including climate, soil and pest control measures taken by the grove owner or home gardener. Drought, strong winds and frost kill young trees, but older ones often survive these conditions with little damage because their roots are more established and the foliage is less dense than on young trees .

Lifespan of Mango Tree


The average mango tree will live for 100-200 years. This amazing mango tree lifespan can be extended in ideal conditions and lowered in poor conditions. The lifespan of mango tree cultivars includes 5 distinct growth stages. Here are the mango tree growth stages:

Seed – the humble mango seed is rough in texture, white to brown in color, and usually medium sized. It needs to be dried out for a bit before it is ready for planting. Generally dark brown seeds are best for mango tree planting.

Germinating – at this stage, your mango plant will begin to grow roots and sprout dark green shoots. Oftentimes it is preferable to germinate mango seeds in containers and then transplant a sturdy seedling to your garden.
Seedling – this is a tricky stage as mango tree stems are quite delicate at first. Seedlings require a lot of water and constant care before growing into a young tree.
Maturation – as a mango tree reaches its mature size, it begins to harden and become sturdy. Seed-grown trees will stop requiring as much care at this point. Mango trees in containers are now ready to be transplanted.
Flowering – the final stage is where your mango tree finally grows mango flowers and begins to bear fruit. Generally this will happen 5–10 years into the tree’s development. A well cared for mango tree will remain in this stage for 90 years or more.

Now that you know the mango tree growth stages, you know all you need to know about the lifespan of mango tree cultivars. Be sure to consult your local garden center for tips on caring for a mango tree at each stage of development.

Factors That Influence The Mango Tree Lifespan


Sunlight
In order for the trees to grow and thrive it needs sunlight. Sunlight requirement for mango tree is atleast six hours. They need to stay longer under the sun to make its food. The sunlight is process under the photosynthesis and eventually turns into sugar what the tree is consume.

When the tree is getting enough sunlight every day, weeks, months and years of their growing they can live longer. If the tree is not getting the right amount of sunlight, it can cause for yellowing of the leaves, not thriving well, smaller and less fruits. The tree will be stress and might cause shorter lifespan of the tree for the long run. So the best way is grow the tree in an area where it can receives longer hours under the sun.

Rainfall
The mango tree needs water to grow well, and rainfall can helps to its growth. Young trees need to water regularly to help them establish for around two years but mature trees doesn’t need to water much often. Older trees can live without water for a couple of days or weeks because they can retain water. But during the hot weather days especially summer they need to receive water to stays cool.

Some planters don’t even water them because they depends on the rainfall. Rainfall is a great source of water for the tree. It helps them to be refresh and to grows well. But too much rainfall for long consecutive days is not good for the tree. The tree might be drowned and have a root rot. When it happens the tree might experience stress. It can also affect the mango tree lifespan.

Nutrients
Nutrients that are found on the soil is maybe because it’s natural or through the application of organic or synthetic fertilizer. There are soil that are naturally rich in nutrients. Some reasons are there are more organic matters decay on that area and it makes the soil rich. Improving the soil is also possible by putting some compost, animal manure or synthetic fertilizer. Making the soil rich in nutrients will help to the growth of the tree.

But over fertilizing can hurt your mango tree. Fertilizers especially the synthetic one has chemicals content and needs to be careful in applying. Too much fertilizer can cause some damage to its roots like burn. Read the direction on how to apply the fertilizer or maybe just use compost to prevent damaging the tree.

Pests and Diseases
The lifespan of mango tree is also affected by the pests and diseases. There are some bugs that feed on the tree. Some of those eat and damage the leaves. The leaves are important part of the tree and pests must be control by applying insecticides or pesticides. Also some of them eat and damage the fruits.

Some diseases of the tree are anthracnose and powdery mildew. Its a fungal diseases that attack and damage the panicles, flowers and fruits. The control for these diseases is by using fungicides. It can help to control and prevent further damages. If the mango tree don’t have pests and diseases it can lives longer.

Those are some informations about the lifespan of mango tree. It can grows around 100 to 200 years and even as long as 300+. Even the tree is older, there is still a possibility for them to bloom and bear fruits. Making them stays healthy is a good factor.

Knowing how long do mango trees live is amazing. Who knows they can live for many years. 100 years is equal to 10 decades or 1 century and 200 years is 20 decades 2 century. That is a long period of time and you can enjoy harvesting and enjoy its fruits.

In conclusion, Mango trees (Mangifera indica) are long-lived, according to the University of Florida IFAS Extension. Individual trees can reach up to 200 years of age and continue to produce fruit for more than 100 years.

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