The high-yielding dairy cow produces a lot of milk; and the main emphasis for dairy farmers is to sell as much milk as possible with maximum efficiency, both financially and in terms of animal welfare. The number of calves produced is of secondary importance, and this should be remembered by managerial/agricultural advisors and veterinarians. Of course, a cow must have a calf to begin lactating and the need to create the next generation must not be forgotten. However, the prime commodity for the dairy industry is milk of a quality appropriate for further processing to drink (the liquid market), or manufacture into cheese, butter, cream, yoghurt, etc.

If you have 150 Holstein cows that produce between 30 and 40 litres of milk per day, your herd will produce 4,000- 6,000 litres of milk per day. Anything over 50 litres per day requires you to become a licenced dairy farmer in Alberta and you’ll need to acquire quota. Why do you need quota? Learn all about supply management here. All that milk must also meet the rigorous quality standards before it hits the grocery shelf. But that quality also goes for your 150 cows as well. Through proAction, our farmers must all meet aggressive animal care standards (in addition to many other things).

It depends on the breed. Holsteins will produce around 75 pounds or 9 gallons of milk a day. Jerseys will produce around 21 pounds or 2.5 gallons a day. Angus cows will produce only around 10 pounds a day (1.2 gallons a day), and Herefords a little less. The two former breeds (Holstein and Jersey) are dairy cattle, and the latter two breeds (Angus and Hereford) are beef cattle.

How Much Milk Can A Cow Produce

 Every dairy gives significant importance to the “Fat” content of the milk. Fat is higher during Lean seasons and goes down during Flush seasons. Hence rates of milk change according to the fat of the milk. Higher the fat, better the milk rate. It depends on what dairy farm you want to set-up. a. Jersey or HF Cow (Avg Fat is 2.8 – 3.5) (Cheap, starts from 30K – 60K) b. Buffalo (Avg fat is 6.0) (From 50K to 1L) c. Desi Cows (Avg Fat is 4.0 – 4.5+) (You can get from 70K to 1.25L)

Farm managers of larger herds may prefer large, open barns known as free-stall barns.Twice a day, or more, the cows will enter a milking parlour, an area designed specifically for ease and efficiency of milking, and the rest of the time they spend lounging around indoors in adjoining barns where they eat, rest and move around as they choose. Bedded stalls are provided for the cows to lie down. Barn aisles are often cement or slatted floors that allow easy clean up of manure. Cows have free choice feed and some farms use a computerized transponder tag that identifies them when they access feed.


Milk production all revolves around the reproductive cycle of the cow. Cows are usually milked for about ten months and then dried off (stop milking) for two months as they prepare for the birth of a calf. Dry cows are commonly grouped together in yards or pastures for six to eight weeks before calving (giving birth). Calves are kept in pens in the barn or in their own individual building called a hutch.

Advantages of Milk Production In Cow

Dairy business is the best if you love farm animals. It will consume 18 hours of your day initially. You have to manage everything and maintain milking timings. If you miss even one milking the animals will give you a lot of trouble. So, better give a genuine thought and enter the business.
1. Animals are assets, they reproduce and increases your farm value

2. Good quality milk gives you good returns

3. You can earn by selling cow dung as manure

4. Micromanagement is easy if you have staff working (farm labourers and milkers)

5. You get paid directly in the bank if you supply to brands like Amul. As you are in Karnataka you can supply to KMF or Hatsun.

Benefits of of Milk Production In Cow

One of the benefits of Desi cows is that it isn’t necessary to build them a cowshed. They are nature-loving cows and enjoy plentiful sunlight, rains and winds. Very seldom would you need a doctor for them. On the contrary, Jersey and HF, they are delicate and need good care. A vet should be available round the clock. They need extra attention. Buffaloes are too difficult to control. You would need strong people to take care of them. Buffaloes are very lazy and sometimes very aggressive. They get habituated to a single hand for milking. If there is a change in the person it might not allow him to come close.

The main product from dairy cattle is milk. Milk is an ingredient in a number of products found in homes every day. It can be processed into cheese, butter, ice cream, yogurt, cream cheese,sour cream,skim milk powder and more. Dairy cattle can also give us meat when they are no longer producing milk. A by-product of the dairy industry is veal. Only approximately half of the dairy calves born are female and will be used to produce milk. Most of the males are raised for the veal market.

General Characteristics Of A Dairy Cow

  • Be high-yielding breeds such as Holstein-Friesians, which has resulted in a dramatic increase in milk production in recent decades and increased the reliance on concentrate feeds.
  • Produce a massive amount of milk. Whereas a beef-suckler cow would naturally produce around 4 litres of milk per day, a dairy cow will produce an average of 28 litres per day over a period of 10 months. During peak lactation, a high-yielding cow may produce as much as 60 litres per day and up to 12,000 litres over her whole lactation.
  • Be subject to intensive breeding regimes for high yields. This has led to poor fertility, metabolic disorders and health and welfare problems.
  • Have a short productive life. Dairy cows typically only live to their third lactation – at around 5 and a half years old – before being culled. Naturally, a cow can live for 20 years.
  • Be permanently housed or have access to pasture during limited periods (e.g. in the dry period, when the cow is not producing milk).

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