The amount of milk that goats produce depends greatly on the breed of the goat, the season, and the quality of care they receive. That said, during peak season with a breed of goat that is specifically meant for milk production, you can expect to get over a liter or quart of milk in the morning and at night, making for a total of anywhere from ½ to ¾ of a gallon of milk per day (1.9 to 2.8 liters).
Raising goats is rewarding both emotionally and fiscally. Goat milk is in high demand all around the world, and raising goats for milk is well known to be a lucrative venture. Goats can produce a significant amount of milk during their milking period, which generally pays off the cost of raising the goats and then some.
A good dairy goat provides between 6 to 12 pounds of milk a day for about a 305-day lactation. A good dairy cow provides almost five times that amount. It takes more work to maintain a herd of goats than it does a herd of cows, and the same number of cows will yield more milk.
How Much Milk Do Goats Produce Per Day
In order to get the most comprehensive explanation of how much milk goats can produce, we’ve got to get into the nitty-gritty. While the aforementioned value reflects how much an average milking goat produces per day, different factors can affect the milk output of your goat. Generally, your goat’s milk output will depend on these three factors.
A good doe will provide plenty of fresh milk for a small family if you take care of her. Just how much milk depends on many factors, including the individual. A low producer will give about two quarts of milk a day and dry up after six months. A modest producer will average two quarts of milk a day and produce milk about 10 months of the year. A really good doe will give 1,800 pounds of milk a year, averaging three quarts a day for 10 months. Goat milk contributes 3% of total milk production in India, says Sagari Ramdas, veterinary scientist and member of the Food Sovereignty Alliance India. Goats yield 0.5-2 litres of milk per day for a little over half a year, and it takes a litre of raw milk to get 100g of cheese
Which goat is best for milk Production
Here are some of the most popular goat breeds for milk.
- Saanen. Saanen is the biggest dairy breed.
- Nigerian Dwarf.
- Sable. Sable goats are an adaptation of the Saanen.
How Can I Get my Goat to Produce More Milk
The two most important factors are the quality of the hay and the grain mix.
Feed. Feed your nanny goat quality hay from legumes.
Parasites. Deworm your nanny goats a few days before putting them in the pasture in the spring.
Dry Period. Provide your nanny goat with a “dry period” every year.
How Often should you Milk Goats
Begin milking your goat once every other day for two weeks, once you notice milk production is decreasing. After that milk once every three days for another week. At this point, milk production of your does should be very slow (or have stopped altogether).
Composition And Characteristics of Goat’s Milk
Now let us learn more about the composition and nutritional value of a dairy goat’s milk. Tables 1 and 2 illustrate a comparison of the nutrient content of goat’s milk to that of other mammals. Table 2 compares specific vitamins found in goat’s milk with that of milk from cows and humans. All of these factors will vary depending on the season, diet, and condition of the animal. The figures shown in charts and information about contents of milk should be taken as averages. Milk Fat The high proportion of butterfat gives goat milk a greater energy value per unit volume than cow’s milk. Fat is a concentrated source of energy and in general, one unit of fat contains 2.5 times more energy than one unit of carbohydrate.
Lactose The lactose content of goat’s milk is slightly lower than cow’s milk. Lactose is a milk sugar and is the carbohydrate nutrient in milk. Since some people have difficulty digesting the lactose in milk, goat milk is less likely to cause this problem than cow’s milk. For yogurt making, the low lactose of goat milk gives a less acidic and more palatable product than cow’s milk with no need for fruit or flavoring. Protein There is no important difference in cow’s milk and goat’s milk protein composition. But the physical characteristics of the curd that these proteins formed under the action of rennin (the principal enzyme secreted by the newborn stomach) is significant. Generally, the softer the curd, the more easily it is digested. The curd of cow’s milk is harder than the curd of goat’s milk. Size also has something to do with its digestibility—and the curd of cow’s milk is large and dissolves more slowly. The finer curd of goat’s milk dissolves more rapidly. This means that for some people with digestive difficulties, goat’s milk may be more easily digested.
Care of Goat’s Milk
Rapid cooling is necessary for high-quality and good-flavored milk. Protect the milk container from foreign material. Upon completion of the milking, set the container into a large pan of cold water for 15 to 20 minutes, stirring occasionally to hasten the cooling. Water cooling removes heat from the milk faster than just setting the container of warm milk in the refrigerator for the same length of time. After the milk has been cooled in water, you can put it in the refrigerator.
Stop milking and allow goats to “dry up” 6 to 8 weeks before they again are due to kid. To turn dry, simply reduce the feed and quit milking the doe. The udder may become slightly congested for a few days, but soon the milk will be reabsorbed into the body. If mastitis, or udder infection, has been a problem during lactation, a veterinarian can prescribe an antibiotic treatment that is most effective in the dry period.