Yams are a tasty and nutritious root vegetable that can be grown in most climates. The best yams to grow in your garden are those that have been specifically bred for shorter growing seasons and high-yields. You can harvest yams when the plants are about 6 inches tall and the leaves are just starting to turn yellow. If you wait too long, the yam will become woody and tough and will not be very tasty.
Yams are not harvested until they are fully mature. If a yam is harvested too early, it will be small and tasteless. It is best to wait until the skin of the yam becomes rough and brown. However, if you want to harvest your yams earlier than this, you can cut off the top part of the plant, which will cause most of the leaves to die off and prevent more new growth from occurring; this will allow you to harvest them sooner than usual.
Yams are one of the most popular root vegetables in West Africa, as well as other parts of the world. They are also a staple food in many parts of Africa, where they are called “nyami” or “nyami-nnyami.” The yam is a tuberous root vegetable that is harvested from the Dioscorea genus. In order to grow yams, you need soil that has good drainage and plenty of sunlight. You can plant them during the spring or fall seasons, but they do best if they are planted in the fall.
When they’re ready to be harvested, you’ll know because their skins will become soft and easy to break through with your hands. You should also keep an eye out for signs of disease such as brown spots on the skin and moldy areas around the bottom part of each tuberous root.
Yams are an incredibly versatile food that can be cooked in many different ways. They have a sweet taste that makes them perfect for use in sweet dishes, but they’re also suitable for use in savory dishes as well. The question of when to harvest yam is one of the most common questions about this popular crop. Fortunately, it’s possible to answer with relative ease by considering a few simple factors.
When To Plant Yam
Yam plants grow best in warm, humid climates. They require a long growing season and should be planted in the late summer or early fall. If you live in an area with cold winters, yam plants can survive if they are protected from frost by mulching them with straw or leaves.
You will have to wait at least three months before digging up your yams for harvest; however, it is always best to wait until the soil has warmed up before planting yams because cold soils will inhibit their growth.
Soil preparation is the first step in growing yams. You need to create a fertile and well-drained soil bed that will support healthy growth of your yam plants. First, remove any weeds or grasses from the area where you plan to plant your yams. Next, add compost or other organic matter to improve drainage and fertility by adding nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium in equal proportions (1:1:1:1:1). Next make sure that the soil is friable (easily crumbled), loose (has appropriate particle size for roots) and well aerated so that air can circulate freely around plant roots; this will help prevent root disease from occurring due to lack of oxygen supply. Finally make sure that there is sufficient moisture in your soil before planting seeds so they don’t dry out too quickly when planted – but not too moist either so as not cause root rot issues later on down the road.
Before you can plant yams in your garden, you’ll need to prepare the soil. Yams are tropical plants that have a perennial root system and grow best in warm seasons. They also require a large amount of space and heavy feeding. If you’re going to grow yams from seed, plan on planting them 10-12 weeks before the last frost date for your area.
Seed treatment is important. There are two options: a fungicide or insecticide. Fungicides are used to prevent diseases, while insecticides help to control the larvae of pumpkin beetles that attack the roots of yams. If you are planting in your garden or on a farm, be sure to treat your seed with one of these products before planting it.
If you plan on buying certified disease-free seeds from an online source, then you do not need to use any kind of seed treatment before planting them in your home garden or on your farm.
If you plan on planting yam seeds indoors under lights (such as in a greenhouse), then again no treatment should be necessary because there is little chance for disease if all conditions are optimal for healthy growth and development inside the controlled environment provided by this type of growing environment
How to Know When Your Yams are Ready for Harvest
Yam tubers are ready for harvest when the vines have died back, and the tubers have turned from white to brown. This can take several weeks, or even up to six months depending on your location and growing conditions.
To harvest your yams, you will want to dig them up with a shovel and then cut off the top part of the plant. If you are harvesting yams for storage, make sure that you do not cut off any leaves from the plant or roots as this can cause damage to these parts of your yam plants. You want to leave as much of these parts intact so that they can continue growing after being harvested and replanted in another area if needed later on down the line.
Once you have removed all of your yam plants from their original grow sites (or pots), they will need to be washed thoroughly before being stored away somewhere until they are ready for consumption. This means cleaning off any dirt or mud attached onto them while also removing all traces
Drying your Yams
If you will be storing your yams, drying them is a critical step in the process. Drying is necessary because it helps to prevent fungus growth on your yams and also makes for easier storage.
To dry your yams: Remove stems from tubers, cut into pieces that are between 1 inch and 2 inches thick (depending on how large they are), and place them on brown paper or cardboard in an area where air can circulate freely around them. Allow them to dry until they are completely dry and leathery; this may take anywhere from one week to two months depending upon the temperature of your house/garden/shed/storage unit/etc., as well as how big your tubers are. You don’t want them too dried out yet—you want some moisture left in there so you don’t have to worry about mold forming once you put them away—but make sure they aren’t getting moldy either. Once they look like dried potatoes with no moisture showing at all underneath their skins (which should be pretty easy since black skin looks white), then store them somewhere cool but not freezing cold (like a garage) with plenty of ventilation until next year when it’s time again.
Taking the time to harvest your yam crop at the right time is not only important, it’s critical.
Yams are a staple crop for many people, and they make an excellent choice for your own garden. Not only do they offer a good source of carbohydrates and vitamins and minerals, but they provide fiber, antioxidants and other nutrients as well.
Taking the time to harvest your yam crop at the right time is not only important, it’s critical because if you don’t harvest them at just the right time, you could end up with some gnarly-looking tubers that taste terrible or even worse – no yams at all.