Hoof Rot Vaccine For Goats

There are several different methods used to treat goats for foot rot. Typically, you need to use several methods to control foot rot. The foot on this animal has been properly trimmed to expose all infected areas in the foot. This will allow the foot bath solution to reach any infected areas. Treating goats at the first sign of any lameness and routinely running goats through a foot bath is important for controlling foot rot once it has been identified on your farm.

Foot trimming is the first step in treating foot rot. Trimming the foot will cut away any cracked areas in the hoof and help to prevent the foot rot organism from becoming established. Goats who have foot rot should be trimmed to remove all infected areas. It is extremely important to open up these areas so that the foot bath solution and air can reach the damaged areas. Unfortunately, this may also cause some bleeding. Do not become alarmed at the sight of the blood. A small amount will help to cleanse the foot. For routine trimming, trim goats with healthy feet first so that you do not spread the disease to them. Then, as you work on the goats with infected feet, use a Clorox solution to disinfect the foot trimmers between each goat.


Contagious foot rot is a common crippling infection of sheep and goats in some areas, caused by bacteria that live in the soil and easily carried onto a farm on the feet of infected animals or on shoe soles. Two types of bacteria are commonly associated with this condition, Dichelobacter nodosus and Fusobacterium necrophorum. Both thrive in moist soil conditions and are difficult to control or eliminate once the soil is contaminated and sheep and goats are kept on the property.

Foot rot is arguably the costliest disease in the sheep and goat industry in high rainfall areas of the USA (>30 inches per year) and has contributed greatly to the view that sheep and goat production are labor intensive.  Animals become severely lame when infected and cannot graze easily or get to the feed bunk.  This results in poor growth, poor conception and greatly increased risk for metabolic diseases such as pregnancy toxemia.  Foot rot-free status provides producers options to sell replacement breeding stock for high value.  Conditions for successful eradication improve as the soil dries during the summer and early fall.  Eradication efforts also require a significant labor investment, so one should be sure to plan for this for the program to succeed. 

Features of Hoof Rot Vaccine For Goats

The first line of defense against foot rot is a rigid biosecurity protocol that calls for isolation and foot soaking of new arrivals in a saturated, 15+% (weight/volume) zinc sulfate solution.  Foot rot cases typically walk on to farms on 4 legs, so it is imperative to trim and soak (15+ minutes) all feet upon arrival to limit potential contamination of your farm’s soil with the causative bacteria, D. nodosus.  This should be repeated again 2 weeks later.  Any animals developing lame feet should be inspected closely and isolated.  Those passing 2 rounds of soaking and remaining asymptomatic for 2 weeks following the second soaking can be added to the flock.

Another line of defense is to treat all new entries with a long acting antibiotic of the macrolide family.  These are prescription drugs (Zactran® and Draxxin® are in this family), so it is required to work with a DVM to obtain and receive guidance in the use of these drugs.  Boots should also be washed thoroughly between farms, although the risk of transferring the causative organism with dirty boots is far less than that transferred from the infected feet of live sheep, to the soil, and then to another sheep.

Control = Prevention: 

  • Do not purchase lame animals. Thorougly inspect feet before purchase. Observe flock of origin for lameness of other animals.
  • Quarantine all herd additions for at least 30 days. Trim feet and treat feet as above.
  • All show animals or animals that have left the farm and possibly been exposed to contaminated soil should be quarantined.
  • Avoid buying animals from sale barns, where most animals that have failed treatment are taken.
  • Provide good drainage to all areas in pastures and paddocks where water tends to pool, or fence these areas off. This is where the bacteria often collect.
  • Keep barns dry and clean. Practice excellent manure management.
  • Use gutters and drainage systems to prevent development of muddy areas around housing structures.
  • Practice good hoof care and management. Check the feet each time you work the herd.


Treatment of hoof rot begins with trimming. First, all dead and diseased tissue must be removed to expose live tissue. Some bleeding is likely at this time. This trimming kit is essential for trimming hooves and treating scalds and rot. Also, a plethora of commercial products are available to treat hooves after trimming. Iodine solutions or zinc sulfate solutions are common treatments as well. With veterinary recommendation, penicillin or other antibiotics may be given as well as tetanus boosters due to the anaerobic nature of the infection. In addition to these treatments, keeping hooves clean and dry helps significantly.

Prices of Hoof Rot Vaccine For Goats


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