Feline Herpes Vaccine

Feline herpesvirus (FHV, FHV-1) is a highly contagious virus that is one of the major causes of upper respiratory infections (URIs) or cat flu in cats. This virus is ubiquitous and causes disease in cats all over the world. See also Upper respiratory infections (URIs, Cat flu) in cats. Together, FHV and feline calicivirus cause the vast majority of URIs in cat

Description

Rhinotracheitis is a respiratory disease caused by herpesvirus-1. “Rhinotracheitis” means inflammation of the nose and windpipe, or trachea. Herpesvirus-1 also affects the reproductive tract and can cause problems during pregnancy. Feline herpesvirus type 1 is responsible for 80% to 90% of infectious feline upper respiratory diseases

Feline herpesvirus (FHV) is a virus that mainly causes acute upper respiratory infections (URIs) in cats, although it has been associated with some other diseases also (see below). The virus is readily transmitted between cats through:

  • Direct contact – through contact with saliva, ocular or nasal secretions
  • Inhalation of sneeze droplets
  • Sharing or food bowls and litter trays
  • A contaminated environment (including bedding and grooming aids) – this is less important with FHV than FCV as the virus is fragile can probably only survive for 1–2 days in the environment

With FHV, after infection, virtually all cats will remain latently infected (the virus persists in nerve cells). This means that infected cats effectively become life-long carriers of the virus. In many cats this causes no problems, and they do not continue to shed virus so are not a risk to others. However, some cats will intermittently shed virus again, and this is more common following episodes of stress or when the cat’s immune system is suppressed (eg, following the use of corticosteroids). When virus is shed again, some cats will also develop mild recrudescence of clinical signs. Additionally, persistent FHV infection can cause ocular problems

Features of Feline Herpes Vaccine

Herpesvirus infection, also known as feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR), is an infectious disease caused by feline herpesvirus type-1. As with other herpes viruses, the virus is very species specific, and is only known to cause infections in domestic and wild cats. The virus can infect cats of all ages. FVR is a major cause of upper respiratory disease in cats, and is the most common cause of conjunctivitis (inflammation of the tissues surrounding the eye, especially the lining of the lids and the third eyelid).

A cat becomes infected with this virus by direct contact with virus particles. The virus is spread in saliva and in discharges from the eyes and nose of an infected cat. Therefore, an infection occurs when a susceptible cat comes into direct contact with an infected cat, or comes into contact with inanimate objects (e.g., clothing, food and water dishes, furniture) that have been contaminated with viral particles.

Cause of Feline Herpes

Feline herpesvirus (FHV-1) is a viral infection that is unique to cats; it is not contagious to people or dogs. Herpes is a highly contagious virus; many kittens are infected by their mothers early in life.  Symptomatic cats that are housed with other cats will infect each other easily, which is why it is very common in both shelter cats and cats obtained by a breeder. Infection is passed through direct contact with nasal and ocular secretions or from the virus on common surfaces such as bedding, bowls, and kennels.

Symptoms of Cat Herpes

There are many different symptoms of feline (cat) herpes. Most symptoms can last two to three weeks but the virus may lay dormant inside the cat’s body for years. In many cats, this causes no problems. But sometimes feline herpes returns occasionally throughout the cat’s life, especially in times of illness or stress.

Specification

VaccineTypeRoute
Herpesvirus-1 (FCV-1) + calicivirus (FCV)Modified-live virus; nonadjuvantedSubcutaneous
Herpesvirus-1 (FCV-1) + calicivirus (FCV)Killed virus; adjuvantedSubcutaneous
Herpesvirus-1 (FCV-1) + calicivirus (FCV)Modified-live virus; nonadjuvantedIntranasal (mucosal)
Bi-valent calicivirus (FCV)Killed virus; adjuvantedSubcutaneous
Bordetella bronchisepticaAvirulent, live bacteria; nonadjuvantedIntranasal ONLY
Chlamydophila felisAvirulent, live bacteria; nonadjuvantedSubcutaneous
Chlamydophila felisKilled bacteria; adjuvantedSubcutaneous

Prices of Feline Herpes Vaccine

$50.00-$150.00

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