Canine distemper is a highly contagious, often fatal disease caused by a virus that attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and the nervous systems. Contact among recently infected animals maintains the virus in a population, and a constant supply of puppies helps to provide a susceptible population for infection. Although immunity to virulent canine distemper is prolonged or lifelong, it is not as absolute after vaccination. Dogs that do not receive periodic immunizations may lose their protection and become infected after stress, immunosuppression, or contact with diseased animals.
To protect your pet from contagious diseases, keep his essential vaccinations up-to-date. This is important even if your pet is kept mostly indoors. Many contagious diseases are airborne and your pet could easily be exposed through an open window. There is also always a risk that your pet could accidentally slip out the door. Boarding kennels, dog parks and grooming salons are all areas where your pet is likely to be exposed to contagious diseases so be sure to consult with your veterinarian before taking your pet to any of these places It is also important to keep in mind that vaccinations take a few days to a few weeks to become effective.
A severe and contagious disease caused by a virus that attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal (GI), and nervous systems of dogs, raccoons, skunks, and other animals, distemper spreads through airborne exposure (through sneezing or coughing) from an infected animal. The virus can also be transmitted by shared food and water bowls and equipment. It causes discharges from the eyes and nose, fever, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, twitching, paralysis, and, often, death. This disease used to be known as “hard pad” because it causes the footpad to thicken and harden. There is no cure for distemper. Treatment consists of supportive care and efforts to prevent secondary infections, control symptoms of vomiting, seizures and more. If the animal survives the symptoms, it is hoped that the dog’s immune system will have a chance to fight it off. Infected dogs can shed the virus for months.
Feline distemper (also called feline panleukopenia, feline infectious enteritis, and feline parvo) is a disease caused by the feline panleukopenia virus. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), the virus kills rapidly growing and dividing cells in the body, like those found in the bone marrow, lymph nodes, intestinal lining, and developing fetuses.
Features of Distemper Vaccine
Canine Distemper has NOTHING at all to do with a dog’s behavior or temperament. Getting the vaccine will not keep a dog calm or stop it from biting. The confusion comes from the origins of the word and the notions people had about what caused diseases many hundreds of years ago. Our word “Distemper” comes from the Latin word distemperere which means “not to mix properly”. In the Middle Ages people believed that mysterious fluids called “humors” needed to be balanced in the body, and that if those “humors” were not properly mixed, disease would result.
We now know that viruses and bacteria cause disease, but the names of those diseases have not changed from olden times. The first vaccine against distemper was developed in 1923 but was not commercially available to veterinarians until the 1950’s, when it became common for people to vaccinate their dogs against this deadly illness.
Symptoms of Canine Distemper
Canine distemper affects the gastrointestinal, respiratory, skin, immune, and central nervous systems. Symptoms can take up to 14 days to show up after exposure.
Signs and symptoms of canine distemper include:
- Nasal discharge
- Eye discharge
- Difficulty breathing
- Loss of appetite
- Thickening of nose and foot pads
- Skin sores
Prices of Distemper Vaccine