Famously described by H. L. Mencken as “a half-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long,” the Dachshund ranks among the most popular dog breeds in America. These short-legged, long-backed dogs are brave, bold and sometimes reckless, willing and ready to take on the badgers they were bred to hunt. To the surprise of their many fans, a 2008 study in the journal Applied Animal Behaviour Science named the Dachshund the most aggressive of all dog breeds. Dachshunds are active, fun-loving dogs, but they can also be hard to housetrain, willful and feisty, which might make them a poor choice for many families, particularly those with children. Dachshunds are also wary of strangers and tend to bark loudly when their suspicions are aroused – or because a leaf blew across the lawn. That tendency to bark at the least provocation is just one of many reasons a Dachshund cannot be left alone out in the yard or live outdoors.
The breed descended from dogs bred to fearlessly follow prey into underground burrows and tunnels – a job a few of them still manage. Those traits make the Dachshund determined to the point of stubbornness, a bit aggressive with other dogs and an enthusiastic digger. The Dachshund, or Sausage dog, is the dog breed with elongated body, short legs that make them be very funny. At present, Dachshund is popularly raised as family pets in many countries around the world.
Dachshunds are scent hound dogs bred to hunt badgers and other tunneling animals, rabbits, and foxes. Hunters even used packs of Dachshunds to trail wild boar. Today their versatility makes them excellent family companions, show dogs, and small-game hunters. But don’t let this pup fool you. Dogs of this breed might be, as legendary literary critic and humorous journalist H. L. Mencken said, “half a dog high and a dog and a half long,” but this small, drop-eared dog is tough enough to take on a badger. In fact, that’s how they got their name (Dachs meaning badger; hund meaning dog).
However, you may know them by one of their many nicknames, including Wiener Dog, Sausage Dog, Doxie, and more. If you’re looking a little pooch who will keep you on your toes and shower you with love, this may be the breed for you. Opt to adopt if you can! It’s important to remember that dogs of any breed can suffer from health issues throughout their lives. A good pet insurance plan can help you prepare to give your dog the care they need at any age.
Features of Dachshund Dog
Dachshunds can be stubborn and difficult to housebreak. Crate-training is recommended.
Dachshunds are intelligent dogs with an independent nature and playful spirit. Because of this, they can be mischievous. Be patient, firm, and consistent when training them.
Because they were bred for hunting, they can exhibit some behaviors that are related to that. They were designed to dig into badger burrows, and that instinct may lead them to dig up your dahlias instead. They were bred to be tenacious in the hunt, and this instinct may lead them to be relentless in pestering you for a treat. They were bred to not only hunt but kill their prey; in your household, the “prey” most likely will be your Dachshund’s toys and he will effectively “kill” them one after the other.
Dachshunds have loud, deep barks for a dog their size – and they do like to bark!
If you don’t watch out, your Dachshund can become fat and lazy, which will put more strain on his fragile back. Be sure to monitor your Dachshund’s food intake and keep him at a healthy weight.
Dachshunds are prone to having slipped disks in their backs, which can lead to partial or full paralysis. Don’t let them jump from high places, and when you hold them, support their backs.
Your Dachshund will probably be a one-person dog. By nature, he can be suspicious of strangers, so it’s important to socialize him when he is a puppy.
To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store.
Specification of Dachshund Dog
5 to 9 inches
11 to 32 Pounds
12 to 16 years
small (0-25 lbs.)
friendly willful outgoing playful aggressive
short long wiry
blackredbluecreamfawnbrown / chocolate / liver
bicolorsablebrindleflecked / ticked / speckledspottedmerleblue and tanblack and tanliver and tan
easy to groomtendency to chewprone to health issueshighly territorialhigh prey drivehigh potential for weight gainapartment-friendlystrong loyalty tendenciesgood hiking companion