Cow Restraint Devices Cattle will place their heads into stanchion (yoke) or chin-lift types of head-restrainers if they are gently moved forward by a rear pusher gate. Cattle confined in an upright ASPCA pen for religious slaughter will remain calmer if the apparatus is gently closed around them. Various design principles can be used to help identify and separate animals in housing or feeding areas. Systems can be designed to allow cqws to be driven along normal, familiar resting or feed alleys that open into a pen or confinement area. Proper location of pen gates that open and block a cross alley makes this method effective. The cow can either be treated in this area or moved to treatment facilities. The path the cow is driven should gradually funnel toward the opening. Attempting to direct a cow through a 5-foot gate along a 50-foot sidewall or barnyard fence should be avoided.
Single-Cow Stanchion Pens
Headgates and Chutes
Fence Line Stanchions
Features of Cow Restraint Devices:
Solid sides or barriers around the cattle to prevent them from seeing people deep inside their flight zone. This is especially important for wild or excitable cattle.
To prevent lunging at the headgate, the bovine’s view of an escape pathway must be blocked until it is fully restrained. This principle does not apply to pigs.
Provide non-slip flooring for all species of animals.
Slow steady motion of a restraint device is calming, while sudden jerky motion excites. Applies to all species.
Use the concept of optimal pressure. Sufficient pressure must be applied to provide the feeling of restraint, but excessive pressure that causes pain or discomfort must be avoided. This principle applies to all species.
The entrance of the restraint device must be well lighted. All species must be able to see a place to go.
Livestock will remain calmer if they can see other animals close to them.
Engineer equipment to minimize noise. High pitched noise is more disturbing to livestock than a low pitched rumble from a conveyor.
Restraint devices must be designed to avoid uncomfortable pressure points on the animal’s body.
Specification of Cow Restraint Devices:
The arms should fit closely to the wall – no distraction to the animal entering. 1 The area in front of and above the head restraint should be brighter than the rest of the box – encouraging the animal to place its head in the correct position. 2 The slaughterman should have enough room to stun correctly and safely once the head is held. 3 The restraint should have an immediate, quiet action when activated, ensuring the animal is restrained at the first attempt without inducing undue stress. 4 The power source operating the restraint must work quietly with no sudden noises. 5 A hydraulic power source will be quieter than a pneumatic source. 6 If operated manually, a trip mechanism should be fitted to allow immediate release of the head. 7 The restraint should be regularly maintained so that the device operates effectively at all times. Cantilever head restraints, as sh