Corynebacterium Pseudotuberculosis Bacterin Goat Vaccine

Caseous lymphadenitis (CL) is a chronic, contagious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Although prevalence of CL varies by region and country, it is found worldwide and is of major concern for small ruminant producers in North America. The disease is characterized by abscess formation in or near major peripheral lymph nodes (external form) or within internal organs and lymph nodes (internal form). Although both the external and internal forms of CL occur in sheep and goats, the external form is more common in goats, and the internal form is more common in sheep.

Economic losses from CL include death, condemnation and trim of infected carcasses, hide and wool loss, loss of sales for breeding animals, and premature culling of affected animals from the herd or flock. Once established on a farm or region (endemic), it is primarily maintained by contamination of the environment with active draining lesions, animals with the internal form of the disease that contaminate the environment through nasal discharge or coughing, the ability of the bacteria to survive harsh environmental conditions, and lack of strict biosecurity necessary to reduce the number and prevent introduction of new cases. Although CL is typically considered a disease of sheep and goats, it also occurs more sporadically in horses, cattle, camelids, swine, wild ruminants, fowl, and people. Because of its zoonotic potential, care should be taken when handling infected animals or purulent exudate from active, draining lesions.

Description

Caseous lymphadenitis, also called pseudotubercu losis, is a chronic suppurative bacterial disease caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis that presents a worldwide distribution and has a high prevalence among small ruminants, also affecting cows, horses and other domestic animals. In addition, it has been currently recognised as an emerging zoonotic disease There is scarce information about the prevalence of this disease in goat herds in Argentina, which appears to vary according to the geographical area and type of production system. In the North West of the country, particularly in the arid ravine of Jujuy and Salta, a 60% prevalence of pseudotuberculosis was reported recently), whereas in the Chaco Salteño area the prevalence was only 15.6% (Suárez et al 2015).

Pseudotuberculosis is characterised by the formation of encapsulated abscesses containing thick, caseous pus, most frequently within peripheral lymph nodes, but also within internal lymph nodes and organs Economic losses are mainly due to the progressive deterioration of the general condition of the animal, which results in decreased production of wool, meat, milk, as well as reproductive disorders and confiscation of viscera at the slaughterhouse.

Features of Corynebacterium Pseudotuberculosis Bacterin Goat Vaccine

CLA is a chronic disease of sheep, goats, and other small ruminants in which clinical signs and lesions may not be seen for several months after infection. Causative bacteria can settle on skin, allowing exposure through wounds, then migrating to lymph nodes. Pulmonary transfer can also occur, especially in crowded conditions. CLA presents with both internal and external abscesses and lesions.

Clostridium tetani and Clostridium perfringens Type D are found in normal gut flora of farm animals. Tetanus occurs when the bacteria gains entry into wounds in unvaccinated animals. Overeating disease can occur in ruminants after overgrowth of Clostridium perfringens Type D occurs following an acidosis event from grain overload or ingestion of a high starch diet. This product was licensed prior to the requirement to establish a minimum age for use. The duration of immunity is unknown. Safety in pregnant animals is unknown.

Directions For Use

Do not vaccinate within 21 days before slaughter. Shake well before use. Use entire contents when first opened. Store at 2°-8° C. Do not freeze. Do not mix with other products.

Dosage and administration: 

Inject 2 ml subcutaneously in axillary space. Repeat in 4 weeks in opposite axillary space. Historically, annual vaccination of a single dose is recommended. Contact veterinarian for advice.

Precautions

Anaphylactoid reaction may occur following administration of products of this nature. If noted, administer adrenalin or equivalent. Delayed treatment could result in an irreversible reaction. Following vaccination, slight lameness (soreness) in lambs may be observed, along with lethargy, in a percentage of the mature animals. It has also been shown that little or no benefit can be expected when animals with visible signs of the disease are vaccinated. Those showing infection should be disposed of or immediately culled from the flock and quarantined.

Prices of Corynebacterium Pseudotuberculosis Bacterin Goat Vaccine

$76.00 – $225.00

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