Vaccinations are an integral part of a flock health management program. They provide cheap insurance against diseases that commonly affect sheep and goats. Probably, the only universally recommended vaccine for sheep and goats is CDT. CDT toxoid provides three-way protection against enterotoxemia (overeating disease) caused by Clostridium perfringins types C and D and tetanus (lockjaw) caused by Clostridium tetani. Seven and 8-way combination vaccines for additional clostridial diseases such as blackleg and malignant edema are available, but generally not necessary for small ruminants.
Enterotoxemia type C, also called hemorrhagic enteritis or “bloody scours,” mostly affects lambs and kids during their first few weeks of life, causing a bloody infection of the small intestine. It is oftenrelated to indigestion and is predisposed by a change in feed, such as beginning creep feeding or a sudden increase in milk supply. Enterotoxemia type D, also called “pulpy kidney disease,” usually affects lambs and kids over one month of age, generally the largest, fastest growing lambs/kids in the flock. It is precipitated by a sudden change in feed that causes the organism, which is already present in the young animal’s gut to proliferate, resulting in a toxic reaction. Type D is most commonly observed in animals that are consuming high concentrate diets, but can also occur in lambs/kids nursing heavy milking dams.
Features of Cd&T Vaccine For Sheep
The CDT vaccine is both inexpensive and very effective at preventing the quick and fatal consequences that can result from a clostridial infection. “The key here is vaccination and prevention rather than treatment because usually we are too late to treat it,” Gordon says.Types C and D are the culprits of enterotoxemia.Bar-Vac CD/T is recommended for the immunization of healthy sheep, goats and cattle against enterotoxemia and tetanus caused by the toxins of Clostridium perfringens types C & D (overeating disease) and Clostridium tetani (tetanus.) Dosage is 2 ml for sheep and goats and 5 ml for cattle injected subcutaneously. Repeat in 21 to 28 days and an annual booster of Bar-Vac is recommended.
Dosage and administration
Lambs or kids should receive a total of three doses of the vaccine if they were born from vaccinated mothers. One is given “in utero”. The second is considered a booster shot, given at four to eight weeks of age. The third must be given again four weeks later. If you are vaccinating lambs or kids that were born from mothers that were not vaccinated, administer a shot during the first week of life. Then you’ll give two boosters, each given at four-week intervals.
There’s some variability in the first shots you give your lambs or kids. As long as you give the vaccine early on, you shouldn’t have any problems. What’s important to remember is that you need to give the vaccine before you do any kind of management, like castrating or ear tagging, to prevent infection. An annual booster is necessary for all adult animals, too. Ewes and does should be given a vaccine one month prior to lambing. This is the easiest way to “boost” your animals, since you can do it all at once, without opening multiple bottles. The CDT vaccine can be expensive, and it only has a shelf life of about a year in the refrigerator.
Prices of Cd&T Vaccine For Sheep
$11.95 – $41.95