Tetanus is a neurological disease caused by a toxin which is produced by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. This organism is very common in soil and in the manure of animals. Bacterial spores enter the body through wounds following castration, ear tagging, disbudding, kidding, etc., resulting in signs of the disease 4 to 21 days later. The toxin affects the central nervous system.
Signs include stiff muscles, spasms, flared nostrils, erect/stiff ears and elevated tail. In addition, the affected animals have a difficult time opening their mouths, so the term “lockjaw” has been given to the disease. Animals can be hyper-responsive to stimuli. Eventually, the affected animals can go down and die.
This product has been shown to be effective for the vaccination of healthy cattle, sheep and goats against enterotoxemia caused by Clostridium perfringens Types B, C and D, and for the vaccination of healthy swine against Clostridium perfringens Type C. Cl. perfringens Type B is not a significant problem in North America. This product has also been shown to be effective for the vaccination of healthy cattle, sheep, goats and swine against tetanus. This product was licensed prior to the requirement to establish a minimum age for use. The duration of immunity is unknown.
Features of C&D Tetanus Toxoid For Goats
Why You Must Know The Difference Vaccines are toxoids; they prevent disease. Anti-toxins are used when a problem already exists. The two most frequently-used injectable medications used with goats that come in both toxoid and anti-toxin form are the overeating disease vaccine and the tetanus vaccine.Toxoids are used for long term protection. The vaccine for overeating disease combined with tetanus prevention is usually called “CD/T.”
These letters represent protection against overeating disease caused by clostridium perfringens Types C & D. The “T” part of the vaccine provides long-term protection against tetanus.CD/T, tetanus, C&D, and pneumonia toxoids commonly used with goats are given to unvaccinated adults and kids twice, 21 to 30 days apart. Booster vaccinations are then given annually to vaccinated goats, although some producers are boosting this protection twice a year. Always booster pregnant does six weeks before kidding to provide immunological protection for the newborn kids via their dams’ milk. Newborn kids are born without a functioning immune system. Many producers use the combination CD/T toxoid vaccine rather than the two individual vaccines of C&D toxoid and tetanus toxoid
Directions For Use
Do not vaccinate within 21 days before slaughter. Safety in pregnant animals is unknown. Shake well before use. Use entire contents when first opened. Store at 2° – 8° C. Do not freeze. Do not mix with other products.
Anaphylactoid reaction may occur following administration of products of this nature. If noted, administer adrenalin or equivalent.
Dosage and administration
For use as an aid in the temporary prevention or treatment of clostridial Enterotoxemia in cattle, sheep and goats caused by types C & D toxin, and in swine when caused by type C. Confers a prompt passive immunity lasting about 14-21 days.
Dosage for prevention: Suckling lambs, goats and pigs – 5 ml subcutaneously; Suckling calves, feeder lambs and pigs – 10 ml subcutaneously; Feeder calves and cattle – 25 ml subcutaneously. Administer as soon as possible after birth. For treatment, double the preventative dose. A more rapid effect can be achieved by intravenous administration, with repeat dosages as often as 12 hour intervals. 21 day slaughter withdrawal. Inject 2 ml subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Repeat full dose in 3 to 4 weeks. Historically, annual vaccination is recommended. Contact veterinarian for advice.
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