Enrofloxacin (Baytril) is a fluroquinolone, broad-spectrum antibiotic which is useful for treating a wide range of bacterial infections. Baytril is the veterinary-labeled form of ciprofloxacin, which is the equivalent drug used for humans. In the United States, Enrofloxacin is available by prescription only, meaning that you will need to obtain it through your veterinarian who will prescribe it “extra-label” to poultry kept as pets. Since this drug is a fluoroquinolone-class antibiotic, it is not approved for use in poultry that are not kept as pets.
The Food and Drug Administration is banning the use of Bayer Corp.’s Baytril in chickens, fearing the practice poses health risks for humans. The agency’s veterinary medicine division had first sought its removal in 2000. It’s the first time the agency has ended the use of an animal drug because of fears that it could lead to antibiotic-resistant pathogens in humans. The FDA’s standard is that food from animals that have taken a particular drug must carry a “reasonable certainty of no harm,” and the agency didn’t feel that poultry treated with Baytril met that standard, an FDA spokesman said. “Scientific data showed that the use of (Baytril) in poultry caused resistance to emerge in Campylobacter, a bacterium that causes foodborne illness. Chickens and turkeys normally harbor Campylobacter in their digestive tracts without causing poultry to become ill,” the agency said in a statement. Baytril (enrofloxacin) does not completely eliminate Campylobacter from the birds’ intestinal tracts, and those Campylobacter bacteria that survive are resistant to some drugs.
Baytril is a broad spectrum antimicrobial antibiotic that is effective against primary and secondary bacterial and mycoplasma pathogens associated with chronic respiratory disease in chickens and turkeys. Baytril is not licensed for use in hens producing eggs for human consumption. You can only buy Baytril on prescription from your veterinary surgeon who may decide in the absence of any other licensed products to prescribe it. If this is the case, you will need to follow their advice for egg withdrawal periods.
Be warned, some respected poultry vets are now advising that you should never eat the eggs from hens treated with Baytril because of the problem of antibiotic resistance in humans. It is usually very effective at clearing up respiratory infection in chickens that can be caused by diseases such as Mycoplasma Gallisepticum.
Features of Baytril For Chickens
Used to treat: Chronic Respiratory Disease and Mycoplasma in chickens and turkeys.
Dosage: 10mg per Kg body weight
Active ingredient: Enrofloxacin 10%
Egg withdrawal for chickens: As advised by vet. Usually 28 days or lifetime of the hen.
Slaughtering / meat for human consumption: As advised by your vet. Usually 8 days.
Length of treatment: Usually 3 to 5 days.
Warnings: Mixed solution should not be older than 24 hours. Wash hands and any splashes immediately with soap and water if you come into contact with the solution. Wear impervious gloves when handling Baytril.
Storage: In tightly closed original container below 25ºC and out of reach of children.
Antibiotics kill bacteria that are responsible for the infection although some bacteria survive treatment and go on to create more resistant strains of bacteria. If we get food poisoning, the antibiotics a doctor uses may not work if the bacteria is resistant. In addition to this, antibiotics also kill many of the naturally occurring ‘good’ bacteria that live in the gut. Antibiotics should only be considered as a last resort and always in consultation with your vet.
Prices of Baytril For Chickens
$24.95 – $54.99