Baby Goat Injections

Mannheimia hemolytica and Pasteurella multocida are pathogens that cause bacterial pneumonia in goats of all ages. Mannheimia hemolytica is also a cause of septicemia in young kids and mastitis in does. The role of Biberstinia trehalosi in the epidemiology of goat pasteurellosis has yet to be fully determined. The leukotoxin of M. hemolytica impairs and destroys macrophages and neutrophils (white blood cells in the lungs), resulting in injury and death of lung tissue. Serotype is important for all of the above bacterial species. With Mannheimia, serotype A2 is most commonly isolated from the lungs of diseased sheep and goats. This is in contrast to cattle, in which serotype A1 is more commonly isolated. This is important from a vaccine standpoint, as vaccines developed against Mannheimia hemolytica and Pasteurella multocida target cattle-specific serotypes, which are not necessarily the serotypes found in diseased small ruminants.

No bacterin has proven completely effective against pasteurellosis in goats. Use of cattle toxoid vaccines developed against the leukotoxin may provide some protection. Use of the cattle vaccine constitutes extra-label use, and a veterinarian must be consulted to prescribe the vaccine before its administration. Generally, vaccination of kids older than 3 months of age is carried out with an initial series of 2 shots administered 2 to 4 weeks apart. If given before 3 months of age, the kids should be revaccinated at 4 to 6 months of age. Autogenous vaccines for pasteurellosis in goats are also available. Consult your veterinarian for diagnosis, sample collection, and production of autogenous vaccines.

Description

Prevention of pasteurellosis by vaccination might be best attained with the use of vaccines that incorporate iron-regulated proteins (IRP); this type of vaccine has been evaluated in small ruminants in other countries. Such vaccines are available in Europe and are used mainly in sheep, with a primary series comprised of 2 injections 4 to 6 weeks apart followed by an annual booster 4 to 6 weeks before lambing. Unfortunately, no IRP vaccines or inclusion of Mannheimia strains specific to small ruminants in commercial vaccines are currently available in the United States.

Features of Baby Goat Injections

Gather your supplies:

  • Medication
  • Disposable needle and syringe
  • Alcohol and cotton balls or other wipes
  • Container for sharps (used needles), which you can purchase at a drug store

Before giving the injection, wipe the top of the medicine vial with alcohol to ensure that it’s sterile. Then insert the needle into the bottle and withdraw the required dose of medication. Withdraw the needle and tap the syringe and push the injector slightly to push out any bubbles.

To give an SQ injection:

  1. Lift the skin into a tent.
  2. Insert the needle under the skin into the tent, toward the body.Make sure that the needle isn’t in the skin or muscle, or through the other side of the tent.
  3. Inject the medication and remove the needle.
  4. Discard the needle and syringe into your sharps container.

To give an IM injection:

  1. Insert the needle into the muscle, being careful not to hit bone.
  2. Withdraw the plunger slightly to make sure that you have not hit a vein or vessel.If you see blood in the syringe, pull out the needle and start over.
  3. Depress the plunger slowly, and then withdraw the needle.
  4. Rub the injection area gently but firmly to distribute the medication.
  5. Discard the needle and syringe into your sharps container.

Direction of Injections

We like to keep 3ml and 12ml syringes on hand. The 3ml syringe is good for CD/T vaccines or pain medications while the larger size is perfect for vitamin B shots. Our preferred needle size is 1-inch, and I prefer a 20-gauge needle. It’s big enough for viscous solutions such as Selenium/Vitamin E but not wide enough to cause pain.

There are three ways you can administer shots: subcutaneously (known also as SQ, meaning under the skin), intramuscularly (or IM) and intravenously (known as IV). I’ll cover SQ and IM today. If your goat needs IV medicine, it’s probably best to let a vet handle it.

Administration of Injections

Administration of injectable medications is sometimes necessary in the routine management of goat herds. The following recommendations are guidelines for proper administration technique for each type of injection. Following these guidelines and using proper equipment and animal-handling methods will reduce stress on animals during treatment. Practicing proper sanitation will minimize introduction of bacteria into medication vials and/or the patient, thereby reducing injection reactions and abscesses. Dirty needles and syringes spread disease if used on multiple animals, so the use of dirty equipment should be avoided. Disposable needles are intended for one use only; more uses can contribute to abscesses at the injection site and can cause animal discomfort. Reusable stainless steel needles can be cleaned and disinfected between animals and used for multiple animals within a healthy herd. When sick animals exist within a herd, producers should not reuse needles. Reusable needles will become dull after six to 10 injections and need to be disposed of properly in a sharps container.

Prices of Baby Goat Injections

$28.95 – $98.95

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