Amrit Mahal literally means the department of milk. Originally the rulers of Mysore State had started an establishment of cattle collected from the prevalent types of cattle within the area for the supply of milk and milk products to the palace. At the same time, the bullocks were utilized for the movement of army equipage. The bullocks were regularly classified as gun bullocks, pack bullocks, plow bullocks, etc. They attracted great attention during the nineteenth century on account of their endurance and the speed with which they could move army equipment.
It is claimed that they could maneuver a march of 100 miles in 2 1/2 days. The cattle of Amrit Mahal establishment originally comprised three distinct varieties: Hallikar, Hagalvadi and Chitaldroog. Prior to 1860 it seems that these three varieties were maintained separate from each other. In 1860, the whole establishment was liquidated for reasons of economy. By the year 1866, it was realized that an establishment for the supply of cattle was necessity, and during the year a herd was again established. Thus, the foundation cattle from which the Amrit Mahal breed was developed were of the Hallikar and closely related types.
The coloring of Amrit Mahal cattle is usually some shade of gray varying from almost white to nearly black, and in some cases white-gray markings of a definite pattern are present on the face and dewlap. The muzzle, feet and tail switch are usually black, but in older animals the color looks lighter. The most striking characteristic of these cattle is the formation of the head and horns. The head is well-shaped, long and tapering towards the muzzle. The forehead bulges out slightly and is narrow and furrowed in the middle. The horns emerge from the top of the poll, fairly close together in an upward and backward direction, and terminate in sharp points which are usually black. In old animals the long sharp points approximate each other and may even interlace to some extent. The eyes look bloodshot. The ears are small and taper to a point, being carried in a horizontal position. They are yellow inside.
The dewlap is thin and does not extend very far. The sheath and navel flap are very small and close to the body. The hump is well-developed and shapely in the bulls, rising to a height of about 8 inches. The body is compact and muscular with well-formed shoulders and hindquarters. The neck is strong and fairly long. The back is level, with broad loins and level rump. Legs are of medium length and well-proportioned. The fetlocks are short and the hooves are hard, close together and small. The skin is thin, mellow and jet black in color, with short glossy hair.
As the cattle are maintained in the pasture areas without any restrictions and handling, they show a very impatient, wild and unruly disposition. They are at time dangerous, particularly to strangers. They need patience and care in training; hard treatment makes them stubborn. Once they are trained they are extremely fine bullocks, particularly for quick transportation. They are observed to have great endurance. Cows are very poor milkers.
More than 95% of the cow milk proteins are constituted by caseins and whey proteins of which beta-casein is the 2nd most common protein (about 30-35%). At the same time, the bullocks were utilized for the movement of army equipage. Cow rumen microbes can synthesize vitamin B. … 3 lactic acid. The breed is maintained mainly in farms of Karnataka. Indian Bos Indicus cows like Hallikar, Malnad Gidda, Punganur, Amrit Mahal, Gir and Sahiwal produce A2 milk, while Holstein Friesian (HF) and Ayrshire cattle breeds predominantly produce A1 milk. The legs of Amrit Mahal Cattle are of moderate length, and the hooves are small and very hard. Lowline Aus. The cows of this breed are poor milk producers. 87.
Amrit Mahal means the department of milk. In Punjab, for example, 80% of the state’s one lakh stray cattle are exotic breeds. The demand for Indian cattle (A 2 milk) is rising in many countries like Australia, Brazil, Africa, South America and Southeast Asia. After the defeat of Tipu Sultan, the British allowed them to be maintained by the Maharaja of Mysore but in thirteen years they were found to have regressed. The cows in contrast are poor milk-yielders and hence, are classified to be a draught breed. The cows would not come into season in the wet malnad regions but had to be taken into the dry plains where they bred. The devil in A1 milk.
Amruth Mahal Cow Milk Price