The Aberdeen Angus, otherwise called Angus for the sake of simplicity is a cattle breed of Scottish origin seen mostly in countries such as Aberdeenshire and Angus in North-Eastern Scotland that has a very small size and reared majorly for beef. The calves of the Angus cattle are usually too small to be sold when they are born and so they are not so marketable. This then creates a great need for the adults to be crossbred with dairy cattle for the production of veal.
The color of the Angus breed is a natural solid black or red with white udders. The color was originally black, but as time went by, red varieties began to appear even tho the two are not genetically different except for the color genes and in the United Kingdom, both the red and black breeds of Angus are seen as the same breed while in the United States, they are seen as two separate cattle breeds with Black Angus being the most common source of beef cattle in the country.
The Angus cattle are a very hardy set of cattle breeds that have been accustomed to harsh Scottish winters and climates that involve intense snowfall and storms. The cows usually have weights of 550 kilograms or 1,210lb while bulls usually have an average weight of 850 kilograms or 1,870 lb. The cattle have large muscle content and are regarded as medium-sized. These breeds of cattle also mature very early as compared to other native breeds from Britain such as the Hereford and The North Devon.
Red Angus cattle have the inborn capability to source food themselves as well as water in whatever climate they find themselves. They are also able to adapt to varying environmental conditions and severe weather such as drought and heat stress as well as intense winters. Angus cattle do not suffer from eye cancer and Bos indicus crosses are tick resistant. Red Angus crosses are capable of fast turnoff on native and improved pastures and are highly suited to lot feeding.
Economic Advantages of Rearing Red Angus Cattle
In order to meet up with the ever-changing demands of the cattle market, breeds need to be flexible enough. Therefore a combination of the different strengths of breeds is a great advantage in this case. Red Angus brings in the following advantages when used to cross with another breed:
#1. Uniformity in the red color makes marketing much easier.
#2. The superior quality of the Angus beef, as well as the high yield of carcasses, has made the Angus cattle the most preferred choice of cattle breeds in the production and marketing of high-quality beef. And this quality or property has made it possible for this breed to meet up with specific requirements and needs of markets that have special requirements while using a very low cost of production. The quality of beef and the amount of beef produced gives the advantage of either exporting on a large scale or trading locally and getting turnoffs quickly.
#3. Crossbred females are important for maternal performance which includes fertility and calving ease. The maternal qualities of the Red Angus cattle are indisputable. These super fertile breeds begin to produce calves before they become 2 years and this is an advantage because they also have a longevity of their life span which also is an economic advantage. And because they mature early sexually, it is easier for them to blend well with different breeds of cattle that mature much more later.
Another advantage is that the Red Angus calves have very low weights at birth. This results in fewer to no problems while birthing the calves and it also makes it possible to have shorter intervals between calving. For the cattle breeder, this means more live calves on the farm which contributes much more to the overall profits.
#4. Angus bulls are well known for their large scrotal size which is measured per kilo live weight and subsequently greater semen production. A study has also been able to create a connection that indicates that the large scrotal size in bulls is directly and positively related to the fertility of the sisters and daughters.
Farmers, crossbreeders, and veterinarians should be careful never to crossbreed the black and red breeds of the Angus cattle. This is because since they are not different genetically, there is a very high possibility of risking genetic disorders.
Cattle Breeds That Can be Crossed With The Angus Cattle
To reduce the occurrence of dystocia which is the difficulty in calving, it is advisable that Angus cattle are crossbred. Apart from that, they should also be crossbred due to the fact that they have dominant polled genes, so when they are cross-bred, they create polled calves.
The crossbreeding of the Red Angus with many other breeds such as the Hereford has proved to be a very unique kind of compliment because it leads to the production of amazing Red Baldy females. In a similar manner, the crossing of the Red Angus and Gelbvieh has proven to be a popular cross in many countries and are in high demand because of the kind of new breed they produce.
#1. Crossing Red Angus With Brahman
The after-effect of this type of cross-breeding is that while the Red Angus maintains its influence by improving the quality of the meat, the Brahman breed is able to maintain its ability to adapt to different things. The compliance of the Angus cattle and their ability to manage their temperament by accepting institutions as well as polled calves are real advantages of the Red Angus in this environment.
#2. Crossing Red Angus With Santa Gertrudis
This cross is one of the best crosses one could get with the Angus cattle. The Angus cattle brings in some special traits as well as early maturation along with polled genes to the table as they still maintain and retain their red beef for marketing advantage. A great cross where the environment requires some Bos Indicus traits.
#3. Crossing Red Angus With Herefords
If only pure British genes are required for the crossing, this is the best possible choice. The Red Angus still maintains its red beef quality for marketability and at the same time gives heightened coloring and poll genes to the Herefords.
#4. Crossing Red Angus With Shorthorns
The crossing of these two breeds well known for the quality of their meat and weight and highly regarded as maternal breeds leads to increased heterosis which leads to the production of calves with greater hardiness as compared to the original parents.
#5. Crossing Red Angus With Limousin
The genetic makeup of the Limousin cattle breed is highly complimented by the Red Angus since the Red Angus contributes to early maturation and also provides the poll solid color with amazing growth.
#6. Crossing Red Angus With Simmentals
This is a very popular cross in countries such as Australia. While the Red Angus offers early maturity, the Simmental breed offers growth advantages. The Red Angus also offers poll genes with very solid coats.
#7. Crossing Red Angus With Gelbvieh
The Gelbvieh is a breed from Europe, and the genetic makeup of the Red Angus is always matching with those of European breeds to produce amazing effects irrespective of the European environment.
Angus cattle breed as earlier mentioned is primarily reared or grown for beef production and consumption only. It is of great advantage in this aspect because due to the marbled appearance of the beef, since it is interlaced with fat, it is marketable as being of very high and superior quality. Because of this property of the beef of the Angus cattle, many markets especially those in Australia, Japan where it is very popular, and even the United Kingdom have made it their main source of beef.